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Medical Dictionary - Dictionary of Medicine and Human Biology


Medical Dictionary


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somatalgia (so-ma-tal′je-a)
1. Pain in the body. 2. Pain due to organic causes, as opposed to psychogenic pain. [somat- + G. algos, pain]

somatasthenia (so′ma-tas-the′ne-a)
A condition of chronic physical weakness and fatigability. SYN: somasthenia. [somat- + G. astheneia, weakness]

somatesthesia (so′ma-tes-the′ze-a)
Bodily sensation, the conscious awareness of the body. SYN: somesthesia. [somat- + G. aisthesis, sensation]

somatesthetic (so′mat-es-thet′ik)
Relating to somatesthesia.

somatic (so-mat′ik)
1. Relating to the soma or trunk, the wall of the body cavity, or the body in general. SYN: parietal (2) . 2. Relating to or involving the skeleton or skeletal (voluntary) muscle and the innervation of the latter, as distinct from the viscera or visceral (involuntary) muscle and its (autonomic) innervation. SYN: parietal (3) . 3. Relating to the vegetative, as distinguished from the generative, functions. [G. somatikos, bodily]

somaticosplanchnic (so-mat-i-ko-splangk′nik)
Relating to the body and the viscera. SYN: somaticovisceral. [G. somatikos, relating to the body, + splanchnikos, relating to the viscera]

somaticovisceral (so-mat-i-ko-vis′er-al)
SYN: somaticosplanchnic.

somatist (so′ma-tist)
An older term for one who considers that neuroses and psychoses are manifestations of organic disease.

somatization (so′mat-i-za′shun)
The process by which psychological needs are expressed in physical symptoms; e.g., the expression or conversion into physical symptoms of anxiety, or a wish for material gain associated with a legal action following an injury, or a related psychological need. SEE ALSO: s. disorder.

somato-, somat-, somatico-
The body, bodily. [G. soma, body]

somatochrome (so-mat′o-krom)
Denoting the group of neurons or nerve cells in which there is an abundance of cytoplasm completely surrounding the nucleus. [somato- + G. chroma, color]

somatocrinin (so′ma-to-crin′in)
Hypothalamic growth releasing hormone, GHRH. [somato- + G. krino, to secrete, + -in]

somatogenic (so′ma-to-jen′ik)
1. Originating in the soma or body under the influence of external forces. 2. Having origin in body cells. [somato- + G. genesis, origin]

somatoliberin (so′ma-to-lib′er-in)
A decapeptide released by the hypothalamus, which induces the release of human growth hormone (somatotropin). SYN: growth hormone-releasing factor, growth hormone-releasing hormone, somatotropin-releasing factor, somatotropin-releasing hormone. [somatotropin + L. libero, to free, + -in]

somatology (so-ma-tol′o-je)
The science concerned with the study of the body; includes both anatomy and physiology. [somato- + G. logos, study]

somatomammotropin (so′ma-to-mam′o-tro-pin)
A peptide hormone, closely related to somatotropin in its biologic properties, produced by the normal placenta and by certain neoplasms. [somato- + L. mamma, breast, + G. trope, a turning, + -in] human chorionic s. (HCS) SYN: human placental lactogen.

somatomedin (so′ma-to-me′din)
S. A is a peptide (MW about 4,000), synthesized in the liver and probably in the kidney, that is capable of stimulating certain anabolic processes in bone and cartilage, such as synthesis of DNA, RNA, and protein (including chondromucoprotein), and the sulfation of mucopolysaccharides; secretion and/or biological activity of s. is known to be dependent on somatotropin. SEE ALSO: insulinlike growth factor. [somato, tropin + mediator + -in]

somatomedins
SYN: insulinlike growth factor.

somatometry (so-ma-tom′e-tre)
Classification of persons according to body form, and relation of the types to physiologic and psychologic characteristics. [somato- + G. metron, measure]

somatopagus (so-ma-top′a-gus)
Conjoined twins united in their body regions. See conjoined twins, under twin. [somato- + G. pagos, something fixed]

somatopathic (so′ma-to-path′ik)
Relating to bodily or organic illness, as distinguished from mental (psychologic) disorder. [somato- + G. pathos, suffering]

somatopathy (so-ma-top′a-the)
Obsolete term for any disease of the body. [somato- + G. pathos, suffering]

somatopause
Decrease in growth hormone–insulinlike growth factor axis activities associated with aging.

somatophrenia (so′ma-to-fre′ne-a)
An older term for a tendency to imagine or exaggerate body ills. [somato- + G. phren, mind]

somatoplasm (so-mat′o-plazm)
Aggregate of all the forms of specialized protoplasm entering into the composition of the body, other than germ plasm. [somato- + G. plasma, something formed]

somatopleure (so′ma-to-ploor)
Embryonic layer formed by association of the parietal layer of the lateral plate mesoderm with the ectoderm. [somato- + G. pleura, side]

somatoprosthetics (so′ma-to-pros-thet′iks)
The art and science of prosthetically replacing external parts of the body that are missing or deformed. [somato- + G. prosthesis, an addition]

somatopsychic (so′ma-to-si′kik)
Relating to the body-mind relationship; the study of the effects of the body upon the mind, as opposed to psychosomatic, which is mind on body. [somato- + G. psyche, soul]

somatopsychosis (so′ma-to-si-ko′sis)
An emotional disorder associated with an organic disease. [somato- + G. psychosis, an animating]

somatoscopy (so-ma-tos′ko-pe)
Examination of the body. [somato- + G. skopeo, to view]

somatosensory (so-ma-to-sen′so-re)
Sensation relating to the body's superficial and deep parts as contrasted to specialized senses such as sight.

somatosexual (so′ma-to-sek′shoo-al)
Denoting the somatic aspects of sexuality as distinguished from its psychosexual aspects.

somatostatin (so′ma-to-stat′in)
A tetradecapeptide capable of inhibiting the release of somatotropin by the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland; s. has a short half-life; it also inhibits the release of insulin and gastrin. SYN: growth hormone-inhibiting hormone, somatotropin release-inhibiting factor, somatotropin release-inhibiting hormone. [somatotropin + G. stasis, a standing still, + -in]

somatostatinoma (so′ma-to-stat-i-no′ma)
A somatostatin-secreting tumor of the pancreatic islets.

somatotherapy (so′ma-to-thar′a-pe)
1. Therapy directed at physical disorders. 2. In psychiatry, a variety of therapeutic interventions employing chemical or physical, as opposed to psychological, methods.




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