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Medical Dictionary - Dictionary of Medicine and Human Biology


Medical Dictionary


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stun (stun)
To stupefy; to render unconscious by cerebral trauma. [A.S. stunian, to make a loud noise]

stupe (stoop)
A compress or cloth wrung out of hot water, usually impregnated with turpentine or other irritant, applied to the surface to produce counterirritation. [L. stupa, oakum, tow]

stupor (stoo′per)
A state of impaired consciousness in which the individual shows a marked diminution in reactivity to environmental stimuli and can be aroused only by continual stimulation. [L. fr. stupeo, to be stunned] benign s. a stuporous syndrome from which recovery is the rule, as opposed to malignant s.. SYN: depressive s.. catatonic s. s. associated with catatonia. depressive s. SYN: benign s.. malignant s. a stuporous condition from which recovery is infrequent, as opposed to benign s..

stuporous (stoo′per-us)
Relating to or marked by stupor. SYN: carotic.

Sturge
William A., English physician, 1850–1919. See S.-Weber syndrome, S.-Weber disease.

Sturm
Johann C., 1635–1703. See S. conoid, S. interval.

Sturmdorf
Arnold, U.S. gynecologist, 1861–1934. See S. operation.

stutter (stut′er)
To speak dysfluently; to enunciate certain words with difficulty and with frequent halting and repetition of the initial consonant of a word or syllable. [frequentative of stut, from Goth. stautan, to strike]

stuttering (stut′er-ing)
A phonatory or articulatory disorder, characteristically beginning in childhood, with intense anxiety about the efficiency of oral communications, and characterized by dysfluency: hesitations, repetitions, and prolongations of sounds and syllables, interjections, broken words, circumlocutions, and words produced with excess tension. SYN: logospasm (1) . urinary s. frequent involuntary interruption occurring during the act of urination. SYN: stammering of the bladder.

sty, stye, pl .stiesstyes (sti, stiz)
SYN: hordeolum externum. meibomian s. SYN: hordeolum internum. zeisian s. inflammation of one of Zeis glands.

style (stil)
SYN: stylet.

stylet, stylette (sti′let, sti-let′)
1. A flexible metallic rod inserted in the lumen of a flexible catheter to stiffen it and give it form during its passage. 2. A slender probe. SYN: style, stylus (3) , stilus. [It. stilletto, a dagger; dim. of L. stilus or stylus, a stake, a pen] endotracheal s. a rod of malleable metal used to maintain the desired curve of a tube for its insertion into the trachea.

styliform (sti′li-form)
SYN: styloid. [L. stilus (stylus), a stake, + forma, form]

stylo-
Styloid (specifically the styloid process of the temporal bone). [G. stylos, pillar, post]

styloauricularis (sti′lo-aw-rik-u-la′ris)
See styloauricular (muscle).

styloglossus (sti′lo-glos′us)
Relating to the styloid process and the tongue. See s. (muscle).

stylohyal (sti-lo-hi′al)
Relating to the styloid process of the temporal bone and to the hyoid bone. SYN: stylohyoid (1) .

stylohyoid (sti-lo-hi′oyd)
1. SYN: stylohyal. 2. Relating to the s. muscle.

styloid (sti′loyd)
Peg-shaped; denoting one of several slender bony processes. See s. process of third metacarpal bone, s. process of temporal bone, s. process of radius, s. process of ulna. SYN: styliform. [stylo- + G. eidos, resemblance]

styloiditis (sti-loy-di′tis)
Inflammation of a styloid process.

stylolaryngeus (sti′lo-lar-in-je′us)
See musculus s..

stylomandibular (sti′lo-man-dib′u-lar)
Relating to the styloid process of the temporal bone and the mandible; denoting the s. ligament. SYN: stylomaxillary.

stylomastoid (sti′lo-mas′toyd)
Relating to the styloid and the mastoid processes of the temporal bone; denoting especially a small artery and a foramen.

stylomaxillary (sti′lo-mak′si-lar-e)
SYN: stylomandibular.

stylopharyngeus (sti′lo-far-in-je′us)
See s. (muscle).

stylopodium (sti-lo-po′de-um)
The proximal intermediate segment of the limb skeleton, the humerus and the femur, in the embryo. [stylo- + G. podion, small foot]

stylostaphyline (sti-lo-staf′i-lin)
Relating to the styloid process of the temporal bone and the uvula.

stylosteophyte (sti-los′te-o-fit)
A peg-shaped bony outgrowth. [G. stylos, post, + osteon, bone, + phyton, growth]

stylus, stilus (sti′lus, sti′lus)
1. Any pencil-shaped structure. 2. A pencil-shaped medicinal preparation for external application; e.g., a medicated bougie, or a pencil or stick of silver nitrate or other caustic. 3. SYN: stylet. [L. stilus or s., a stake or pen]

stype (stip)
A tampon. [G. s., tow]

styptic (stip′tik)
1. Having an astringent or hemostatic effect. 2. An astringent agent used topically to stop bleeding. SYN: hemostyptic. [G. styptikos, astringent]

styramate (sti′ra-mat)
An orally effective skeletal muscle relaxant with a relatively long duration of action.

styrax (sti′raks)
SYN: storax.

styrene (sti′ren)
Phenylethylene;the monomer from which polystyrenes, plastics, and synthetic rubber are made; together with divinylbenzene (for cross-linking), it is the basis of many synthetic ion exchangers. SYN: cinnamene, ethenylbenzene, styrol, vinylbenzene.

styrol (sti′rol)
SYN: styrene.

styrone (sti′ron)
C9H10O;obtained from storax by distillation with potassium hydroxide; used as a deodorant in 12% glycerin solution, and as a decolorizing agent in histology. SYN: cinnamic alcohol.

sub-
Beneath, less than the normal or typical, inferior. Cf.:hypo-. [L. sub, under]

subabdominal (sub-ab-dom′i-nal)
Below the abdomen.

subabdominoperitoneal (sub-ab-dom′i-no-per-i-to-ne′-al)
Beneath the abdominal, as distinguished from the pelvic, peritoneum. SYN: subperitoneoabdominal.

subacetate (sub-as′e-tat)
A mixture or complex of a base and its acetate.

subacromial (sub-a-kro′me-al)
Beneath the acromion process.

subacute (sub-a-kut′)
Between acute and chronic; denoting the course of a disease of moderate duration or severity.

subalimentation (sub′al-i-men-ta′shun)
A condition of insufficient nourishment. SYN: hypoalimentation.

subanal (sub-a′nal)
Below the anus.

subaortic (sub′a-or′tik)
Below the aorta.

subapical (sub-ap′i-kal)
Below the apex of any part.

subaponeurotic (sub-ap-o-noo-rot′ik)
Beneath an aponeurosis.

subarachnoid (sub-a-rak′noyd)
Underneath the arachnoid membrane.

subarcuate (sub-ar′ku-at)
Slightly arcuate or bowed.

subareolar (sub-a-re′o-lar)
Beneath an areola; especially the areola of the mamma.

subastragalar (sub-as-trag′a-lar)
Beneath the calcaneus (astragalus).

subatomic (sub-a-tom′ik)
Pertaining to particles making up the intraatomic structure; e.g., protons, electrons, neutrons.

subaural (sub-aw′ral)
Below the ear.

subauricular (sub-aw-rik′u-lar)
Below an auricle; especially the concha or pinna of the ear.

subaxial (sub-ak′se-al)
Below the axis of the body or any part.

subaxillary (sub-ak′si-lar-e)
Below the axillary fossa. SYN: infraaxillary.

subbasal (sub-ba′sal)
Beneath any base or basal membrane.

subbrachycephalic (sub-brak-e-se-fal′ik)
Slightly brachycephalic; having a cephalic index of 80.01–83.33.

subcalcarine (sub-kal′ka-rin)
Below the calcarine fissure; denoting the lingual gyrus.

subcallosal (sub-ka-lo′sal)
Below the corpus callosum; denoting either the s. gyrus or the fasciculus.

subcapsular (sub-kap′soo-lar)
Beneath any capsule.

subcarbonate (sub-kar′bon-at)
A mixture or complex of a base and its carbonate.

subcardinal (sub-kar′di-nal)
Lying ventral to the anterior or posterior cardinal veins in the embryo.

subcartilaginous (sub′kar-ti-laj′i-nus)
1. Partly cartilaginous. 2. Beneath a cartilage.

subcecal (sub-se′kal)
Below the cecum; denoting a fossa.

subcellular (sub-sel′u-lar)
SYN: noncellular (1) .

subception (sub-sep′shun)
Subliminal perception as in the reaction to a stimulus not fully perceived. See subliminal. [sub- + L. -ceptum, perceived]

subchloride (sub-klor′id)
The chloride of a series that contains proportionally the greatest amount of the other element in the compound; e.g., s. of mercury is Hg2Cl2, whereas chloride or perchloride of mercury is HgCl2.

subchondral (sub-kon′dral)
Beneath or below the cartilages of the ribs.

subchorionic (sub′ko-re-on′ik)
Beneath the chorion.

subchoroidal (sub-ko-roy′dal)
Beneath the choroid coat of the eye.




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