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Medical Dictionary - Dictionary of Medicine and Human Biology


Medical Dictionary


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subclass (sub′klas)
In biologic classification, a division between class and order.

subclavian (sub-kla′ve-an)
1. Beneath the clavicle. SYN: infraclavicular. 2. Pertaining to the s. artery or vein.

subclavicular (sub-kla-vik′u-lar)
Pertaining to the region beneath the clavicle.

subclavius (sub-kla′ve-us)
See s. (muscle).

subclinical (sub-klin′i-kal)
Denoting the presence of a disease without manifest symptoms; may be an early stage in the evolution of a disease.

subcloning (sub′klon-ing)
The process by which a DNA clone is cleaved into smaller pieces and recloned; analysis of overlapping regions of these smaller DNA fragments can confirm the entire sequence of the original DNA clone.

subcollateral (sub-ko-lat′er-al)
Below the collateral fissure; denoting a cerebral convolution, or gyrus.

subconjunctival (sub-kon-junk-ti′val)
Beneath the conjunctiva.

subconjunctivitis (sub′kon-junk-ti-vi′tis)
SYN: episcleritis periodica fugax.

subconscious (sub-kon′shus)
1. Not wholly conscious. 2. Denoting an idea or impression which is present in the mind, but of which there is at the time no conscious knowledge or realization. 3. That part of the mind that is outside conscious awareness.

subconsciousness (sub-kon′shus-nes)
1. Partial unconsciousness. 2. The state in which mental processes take place without the conscious perception of the individual.

subcoracoid (sub-kor′a-koyd)
Beneath the coracoid process.

subcortex (sub-kor′teks)
Any part of the brain lying below the cerebral cortex, and not itself organized as cortex.

subcortical (sub-kor′ti-kal)
Relating to the subcortex; beneath the cerebral cortex.

subcostal (sub-kos′tal)
1. Beneath a rib or the ribs. SYN: infracostal. 2. Denoting certain arteries, veins, and nerves.

subcostalgia (sub-kos-tal′je-a)
Pain in the subcostal region. [subcostal + G. algos, pain]

subcostosternal (sub-kos′to-ster′nal)
Below or beneath the ribs and sternum.

subcranial (sub-kra′ne-al)
Beneath or below the cranium.

subcrepitant (sub-krep′i-tant)
Nearly, but not frankly, crepitant; denoting a rale.

subcrepitation (sub′krep-i-ta′shun)
1. The presence of subcrepitant rales. 2. A sound approaching crepitation in character.

subcruralis (sub-kroo-ra′lis)
SYN: articularis genus (muscle).

subcrureus (sub-kroo-re-us)
SYN: articularis genus (muscle). [sub- + L. crus, leg]

subculture (sub-kul′choor)
1. A culture made by transferring to a fresh medium microorganisms from a previous culture; a method used to prolong the life of a particular strain where there is a tendency to degeneration in older cultures. 2. To make a fresh culture with material obtained from a previous one.

subcurative (sub-kur′a-tiv)
Denoting a dose less than that necessary for a curative effect.

subcutaneous (s.c., SQ) (sub-koo-ta′ne-us)
Beneath the skin. SYN: hypodermic (1) . [sub- + L. cutis, skin]

subcuticular (sub-koo-tik′u-lar)
Beneath the cuticle or epidermis. SYN: subepidermal, subepidermic.

subcutis (sub-ku′tis)
SYN: subcutaneous tissue.

subdelirium (sub-de-lir′e-um)
A rarely used term for a slight or discontinuous delirium.

subdeltoid (sub-del′toyd)
Beneath the deltoid muscle; denoting a bursa.

subdental (sub-den′tal)
Beneath the roots of the teeth.

subdiaphragmatic (sub′di-a-frag-mat′ik)
Beneath the diaphragm. SYN: infradiaphragmatic, subphrenic.

subdorsal (sub-dor′sal)
Below the dorsal region.

subduce, subduct (sub-doos′, sub-dukt′)
To pull or draw downward. [L. sub-duco, pp. -ductus, to lead away]

subdural (sub-doo′ral)
Beneath the dura mater or between it and the arachnoid. See spatium subdurale.

subendocardial (sub-en-do-kar′de-al)
Beneath the endocardium.

subendothelial (sub′en-do-the′le-al)
Beneath the endothelium.

subendothelium (sub′en-do-the′le-um)
The connective tissue between the endothelium and inner elastic membrane in the intima of arteries.

subendymal (sub-en′di-mal)
Beneath the endyma, or ependyma. SYN: subependymal.

subependymal (sub-ep-en′di-mal)
SYN: subendymal.

subependymoma (sub-ep-en-di-mo′ma)
Discrete lobulated ependymal nodules in the walls of the anterior third or posterior fourth ventricles commonly found at autopsy.

subepidermal, subepidermic (sub′ep-i-der′mal, -der′mik)
SYN: subcuticular.

subepithelial (sub′ep-i-the′le-al)
Beneath the epithelium.

subepithelium (sub′ep-i-the′le-um)
Any structure beneath the epithelium.

suberic acid (soo-ber′ik)
Used in plastics and in the cross-linking of biopolymers; found in the urine as a product of ω-oxidation of fatty acids. SYN: octandioic acid. [L. suber, cork oak, + -ic]

suberosis (soo-ber-o′sis)
Extrinsic allergic alveolitis caused by inhalation of mold spores from contaminated cork. [L. suber, cork, + G. -osis, condition]

subfamily (sub-fam′i-le)
In biologic classification, a division between family and tribe or between family and genus.

subfascial (sub-fash′e-al)
Beneath a fascia.

subfertility (sub-fer-til′i-te)
Less than normal capacity for reproduction.

subfissure (sub-fish′er)
A cerebral fissure beneath the surface, concealed by overlapping convolutions.

subfolium (sub-fo′le-um)
A secondary division of a cerebellar folium.

subgallate (sub-gal′at)
Partially neutralized gallic acid; a basic gallate, such as bismuth s..

subgemmal (sub-jem′al)
Below a gemma or bud ( e.g., a taste bud).

subgenus (sub-je′nus)
In biologic classification, a division between genus and species.

subgingival (sub-jin′ji-val)
Below the gingival margin.

subglenoid (sub-gle′noyd)
SYN: infraglenoid.

subglossal (sub-glos′al)
Below or beneath the tongue. SYN: sublingual.

subglottic (sub-glot′ik)
SYN: infraglottic.

subgranular (sub-gran′oo-lar)
Slightly granular.

subgrundation (sub-grun-da′shun)
The depression of one fragment of a broken cranial bone below the other. [sub- + A.S. grund, bottom, foundation]

subhepatic (sub-he-pat′ik)
Below the liver. SYN: infrahepatic.

subhyaloid (sub-hi′a-loyd)
Beneath, on the vitreous side of, the hyaloid (vitreous) membrane.

subhyoid, subhyoidean (sub-hi′oyd, sub-hi-oyd′e-an)
SYN: infrahyoid.

subicteric (sub-ik′ter-ik)
Slightly elevated serum bilirubin without clinical evidence of jaundice. [sub- + G. ikterikos, jaundiced]

subicular (soo-bik′u-lar, su-bik′)
Relating to the subiculum.

subiculum, pl .subicula (soo-bik′u-lum, su-bik′; -la) [TA]
1. A support or prop. 2. [TA] The zone of transition between the parahippocampal gyrus and Ammon horn of the hippocampus. [L. dim. of subex, support] s. promontorii [TA] support of the promontory; a bony ridge bounding the fossula fenestrae cochleae posteriorly. SYN: ponticulus promontorii.

subiliac (sub-il′e-ak)
1. Below the ilium. 2. Relating to the subilium.

subilium (sub-il′e-um)
The portion of the ilium contributing to the acetabulum.

subinfection (sub-in-fek′shun)
A secondary infection occurring in one exposed to and successfully resisting an epidemic of another infectious disease.

subinflammatory (sub-in-flam′a-to-re)
Denoting a slightly inflammatory irritation of the tissues.

subintimal (sub-in′ti-mal)
Beneath the intima.




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