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Medical Dictionary


teniafuge (te′ne-a-fooj)
An agent that causes the expulsion of tapeworms. SYN: tenifuge. [L. taenia, tapeworm, + fugo, to put to flight]

tenial (ten′e-al)
1. Relating to a tapeworm. 2. Relating to one of the structures called tenia.

teniasis (te-ni′a-sis)
Presence of a tapeworm in the intestine. somatic t. invasion of the body by the cysticercus of a tenioid worm.

tenicide (ten′i-sid)
SYN: teniacide.

teniform (ten′i-form)
SYN: tenioid.

tenifugal (te-nif′u-gal)
Having the power to expel tapeworms.

tenifuge (ten′i-fuj)
SYN: teniafuge.

tenioid (te′ne-oyd)
1. Band-shaped; ribbon-shaped. 2. Resembling a tapeworm. SYN: teniform. [G. tainia, a tape, + eidos, resemblance]

teniola (te-ni′o-la)
A slender tenia or bandlike structure. [L. dim. of taenia, ribbon] taeniola corporis callosi SYN: rostral lamina.

teno-, tenon-, tenont-, tenonto-
Tendon. SEE ALSO: tendo-. [G. tenon]

tenodesis (te-nod′e-sis, ten′o-de′sis)
Stabilizing a joint by anchoring the tendons which move that joint and thereby preventing any further excursion of the tendons. [teno- + G. desis, a binding]

tenodynia (ten-o-din′ea)
SYN: tenalgia. [teno- + G. odyne, pain]

tenofibril (ten-o-fi′bril)
SYN: tonofibril. [teno- + Mod. L. fibrilla, a small fiber]

tenolysis (ten-ol′i-sis)
Release of a tendon from adhesions. SYN: tendolysis.

tenomyoplasty (ten-o-mi′o-plas-te)
SYN: tenontomyoplasty.

tenomyotomy (ten-o-mi-ot′o-me)
SYN: myotenotomy.

Jacques R., French pathologist and oculist, 1724–1816. See T. capsule, T. space.

See teno-.

tenonectomy (ten-o-nek′to-me)
SYN: tenectomy. [tenon- + G. ektome, excision]

tenonitis (ten-o-ni′tis)
1. Inflammation of Tenon capsule or the connective tissue within Tenon space. 2. SYN: tendonitis. [tenont- + G. -itis, inflammation]

tenontitis (ten′on-ti′tis)
SYN: tendonitis. [tenont- + G. -itis, inflammation]

See teno-.

tenontography (ten′on-tog′ra-fe)
A treatise on or description of the tendons. [tenonto- + G. graphe, description]

tenontology (ten′on-tol′o-je)
The branch of science that has to do with the tendons. [tenonto- + G. logos, study]

tenontomyoplasty (te-non′to-mi′o-plas-te)
Obsolete term for a combined tenontoplasty and myoplasty, used in the radical correction of a hernia. SYN: tenomyoplasty. [tenonto- + G. mys, muscle, + plastos, formed]

tenontomyotomy (te-non′to-mi-ot′o-me)
SYN: myotenotomy.

tenontoplastic (te-non′to-plas-tik)
Relating to tenontoplasty.

tenontoplasty (te-non′to-plas-te)
SYN: tendinoplasty. [tenonto- + G. plastos, formed]

tenophony (te-nof′o-ne)
A heart murmur assumed to be due to an abnormal condition of the chordae tendineae. SYN: tendophony. [teno- + G. phone, sound]

tenophyte (ten′o-fit)
Bony or cartilaginous growth in or on a tendon. [teno- + G. phyton, plant]

tenoplastic (ten-o-plas′tik)
Relating to tenoplasty.

tenoplasty (ten′o-plas-te)
SYN: tendinoplasty.

tenoreceptor (ten′o-re-sep′ter, -tor)
A receptor in a tendon, activated by increased tension.

tenorrhaphy (te-nor′a-fe)
Suture of the divided ends of a tendon. SYN: tendinosuture, tendon suture, tenosuture. [teno- + G. rhaphe, suture]

tenostosis (ten-os-to′sis)
Ossification of a tendon. [teno- + G. osteon, bone, + -osis, condition]

tenosuspension (ten′o-sus-pen′shun)
Using a tendon as a suspensory ligament, sometimes as a free graft or in continuity.

tenosuture (ten-o-soo′choor)
SYN: tenorrhaphy.

tenosynovectomy (ten′o-sin-o-vek′to-me)
Excision of a tendon sheath. [teno- + synovia + G. ektome, excision]

tenosynovitis (ten′o-sin-o-vi′tis)
Inflammation of a tendon and its enveloping sheath. SYN: tendinous synovitis, tendosynovitis, tendovaginitis, tenovaginitis. [teno- + synovia + G. -itis, inflammation] t. crepitans inflammation of a tendon sheath in which movement of the tendon is accompanied by a cracking sound. SYN: tenalgia crepitans. de Quervain t. inflammation of the tendons of the first dorsal compartment of the wrist, which includes the abductor pollicis longus and extensor pollicis brevis; diagnosed by a specific provocative test (Finkelstein test). localized nodular t. SYN: giant cell tumor of tendon sheath. pigmented villonodular t. SYN: villous t.. stenosing t. inflammation of a tendon and its sheath resulting in contracture of the sheath causing an obstruction of tendon gliding; can be a cause of trigger finger conditions. villous t. a condition resembling pigmented villonodular synovitis but arising in periarticular soft tissue rather than in joint synovia; occurs most commonly in the hands. SYN: pigmented villonodular t..

tenotomy (te-not′o-me)
The surgical division of a tendon for relief of a deformity caused by congenital or acquired shortening of a muscle, as in clubfoot or strabismus. SYN: tendotomy. [teno- + G. tome, incision] curb t. SYN: tendon recession. graduated t. partial incisions of the tendon of an eye muscle for correction of strabismus. subcutaneous t. division of a tendon by means of a small pointed knife introduced through skin and subcutaneous tissue without an open operation.

tenovaginitis (ten′o-vaj-i-ni′tis)
SYN: tenosynovitis. [teno- + L. vagina, sheath, + G. -itis, inflammation]

tense (tens)
Tight, rigid, or strained; characterized by anxiety and psychological strain. [L. tensus, pp. of tendo, to stretch]

tensiometer (ten-se-om′e-ter)
A device for measuring tension. [L. tensio, tension, + G. metron, measure]

tension (ten′shun)
1. The act of stretching. 2. The condition of being stretched or tense, or a stretching or pulling force. 3. The partial pressure of a gas, especially that of a gas dissolved in a liquid such as blood. 4. Mental, emotional, or nervous strain; strained relations or barely controlled hostility between persons or groups. [L. tensio, fr. tendo, pp. tensus, to stretch] arterial t. the blood pressure within an artery. interfacial surface t. the t. or resistance to separation possessed by the film of liquid between two well-adapted surfaces, as of the thin film of saliva between the denture base and the tissues. ocular t. (Tn) resistance of the tunics of the eye to deformation; it can be estimated digitally or measured by means of a tonometer. premenstrual t. SYN: premenstrual syndrome. surface t. (γ, σ) the expression of intermolecular attraction at the surface of a liquid, in contact with air or another gas, a solid, or another immiscible liquid, tending to pull the molecules of the liquid inward from the surface; dimensional formula: mt–2. tissue t. a theoretical condition of equilibrium or balance between the tissues and cells whereby overaction of any part is restrained by the pull of the mass.

tensor, pl .tensores (ten′sor, ten-so′rez)
A muscle the function of which is to render a part firm and tense. [Mod. L. fr. L. tendo, pp. tensus, to stretch]

1. Canopy used in various types of inhalation therapy to control humidity and concentration of oxygen in inspired air. 2. Cylinder of some material, usually absorbent, introduced into a canal or sinus to maintain its patency or to dilate it. 3. To elevate or pick up a segment of skin, fascia, or tissue at a given point, giving it the appearance of a t.. [L. tendo, pp. tensus, to stretch] oxygen t. a transparent enclosure, suspended over the bed and enclosing the patient, used to supply a high concentration of oxygen. sponge t. SYN: compressed sponge.

tentacle (ten′ta-kl)
A slender process for feeling, prehension, or locomotion in invertebrates. [Mod. L. tentaculum, a feeler, fr. tento, to feel]

tentorial (ten-to′re-al)
Relating to a tentorium.

tentorium, pl .tentoria (ten-to′re-um, -re-a) [TA]
A membranous cover or horizontal partition. [L. tent, fr. tendo, to stretch] t. cerebelli [TA] a strong fold of dura mater roofing over the posterior cranial fossa with an anterior median opening, the tentorial notch, through which the midbrain passes; the t. cerebelli is attached along the midline to the falx cerebri and separates the cerebellum from the basal surface of the occipital and temporal lobes of the cerebral hemisphere. SYN: cerebellar t. [TA] . cerebellar t. [TA] SYN: t. cerebelli. t. of hypophysis SYN: diaphragma sellae.

Abbreviation for triethylenephosphoramide.

tephromalacia (tef′ro-ma-la′she-a)
Softening of the gray matter of the brain or spinal cord. [G. tephros, ashen-gray, + malakia, softness]

tephrylometer (tef-ri-lom′e-ter)
An instrument for measuring the thickness of the cerebral cortex; it consists of a graduated tube of thin glass which is inserted into the brain substance, so the depth of the gray matter can be read off on the scale. [G. tephros, ashen, + hyle, stuff, + metron, measure]

Abbreviation for tetraethyl pyrophosphate.

teprotide (te′pro-tid)
A nonapeptide in which glycine is replaced by tryptophan, leucine and the first proline are missing, and lysine is replaced by glutamine; an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor. SYN: bradykinin-potentiating peptide.

tera- (T)
1. Prefix used in the SI and metric system to signify one trillion. 2. Combining form denoting a teras. SEE ALSO: terato-. [G. teras, monster]

teras, pl .terata (ter′as, ter′a-ta)
Conceptus with deficient, redundant, misplaced, or grossly misshapen parts. [G.]

teratic (ter-at′ik)
Relating to a teras.

teratism (ter′a-tizm)
SYN: teratosis. [G. teratisma, fr. teras]

A teras. SEE ALSO: tera- (2) . [G. teras, monster]

A tumor containing embryonic tissue differing from a teratoma in that not all germ layers are present.

teratocarcinoma (ter′a-to-kar-si-no′ma)
1. A malignant teratoma, occurring most commonly in the testis in association with embryonal carcinoma. 2. A malignant epithelial tumor arising in a teratoma.

teratogen (ter′a-to-jen)
A drug or other agent that causes abnormal prenatal development. [terato- + G. -gen, producing]

teratogenesis (ter′a-to-jen′e-sis)
The origin or mode of production of a malformed conceptus; the disturbed growth processes involved in the production of a malformed neonate. [terato- + G. genesis, origin]

teratogenic, teratogenetic (ter′a-to-jen′ik, -je-net′ik)
1. Relating to teratogenesis. 2. Causing abnormal prenatal development.

teratogenicity (ter′a-to-je-nis′i-te)
The property or capability of producing malformation. [terato- + G. genesis, generation]

teratoid (ter′a-toyd)
Resembling a teras. [G. teratodes, fr. teras (terat-), monster, + eidos, resemblance]

teratologic (ter′a-to-loj′ik)
Relating to teratology.

teratology (ter-a-tol′o-je)
The branch of science concerned with the production, development, anatomy, and classification of malformed conceptuses. SEE ALSO: dysmorphology. [terato- + G. logos, study]

teratoma (ter-a-to′ma)
A neoplasm composed of multiple tissues, including tissues not normally found in the organ in which it arises. Teratomas occur most frequently in the ovary, where they are usually benign and form dermoid cysts; in the testis, where they are usually malignant; and, uncommonly, in other sites, especially the midline of the body. SYN: teratoid tumor. [terato- + G. -oma, tumor] t. orbitae SYN: orbitopagus. sacrococcygeal t. found in the region of the tailbud. Most common tumor in the newborn period. triphyllomatous t. a t. composed of tissues derived from all three germ layers. SYN: tridermoma.

teratomatous (ter′a-to′ma-tus)
Relating to or of the nature of a teratoma.


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