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Medical Dictionary


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vesicosigmoidostomy (ves′i-ko-sig-moy-dos′to-me)
Operative formation of a communication between the bladder and the sigmoid colon. [vesico- + sigmoid + G. stoma, mouth]

vesicospinal (ves′i-ko-spi′nal)
Relating to the urinary bladder and the spinal cord; denoting the neural mechanisms that control retention and evacuation of urine by the bladder, located in the second lumbar and second sacral segment, respectively, of the spinal cord.

vesicostomy (ves′i-kos′to-me)
SYN: cystostomy. [vesico- + G. stoma, mouth]

vesicotomy (ves′i-kot′o-me)
SYN: cystotomy.

vesicoumbilical (ves′i-ko-um-bil′i-kal)
Relating to the urinary bladder and the umbilicus. SYN: omphalovesical.

vesicoureteral (ves′i-ko-u-re′ter-al)
Relating to the bladder and the ureters.

vesicourethral (ves′i-ko-u-re′thral)
Relating to the bladder and the urethra.

vesicouterine (ves′i-ko-u′ter-in)
Relating to the bladder and the uterus.

vesicouterovaginal (ves′i-ko-u′ter-o-vaj′i-nal)
Relating to the bladder, uterus, and vagina.

vesicovaginal (ves-i-ko-vaj′i-nal)
Relating to the bladder and vagina.

vesicovaginorectal (ves′i-ko-vaj′i-no-rek′tal)
Relating to the bladder, vagina, and rectum.

vesicovisceral (ves′i-ko-vis′er-al)
Relating to the urinary bladder and any other adjacent organ or viscus.

vesicula, gen. and pl. vesiculae (ve-sik′u-la, -le)
A small bladder or bladder-like structure. SYN: vesicle (1) [TA] . [L. blister, vesicle, dim. of vesica, bladder] v. fellis SYN: gallbladder. v. ophthalmica SYN: optic vesicle. v. seminalis seminal gland. v. umbilicalis SYN: yolk sac.

vesicular (ve-sik′u-lar)
1. Relating to a vesicle. 2. Characterized by or containing vesicles. SYN: vesiculate (2) .

vesiculate (ve-sik′u-lat)
1. To become vesicular. 2. SYN: vesicular (2) .

vesiculation (ve-sik′u-la′shun)
1. The formation of vesicles. SYN: blistering, vesication. 2. Presence of a number of vesicles.

vesiculectomy (ve-sik′u-lek′to-me)
Resection of a portion or all of each of the seminal vesicles. [L. vesicula, vesicle, + G. ektome, excision]

vesiculitis (ve-sik-u-li′tis)
Inflammation of any vesicle; especially of a seminal vesicle. [L. vesicula, vesicle, + G. -itis, inflammation]

vesiculo-
A vesicle. [L. vesicula, vesicle, dim. of vesica, bladder]

vesiculobronchial (ve-sik′u-lo-brong′ke-al)
Denoting an auscultatory sound having both a vesicular and a bronchial quality.

vesiculocavernous (ve-sik′u-lo-kav′er-nus)
Both vesicular and cavernous; denoting: 1. An auscultatory sound having both a vesicular and a cavernous quality; 2. The structure of certain neoplasms.

vesiculography (ve-sik-u-log′ra-fi)
Radiographic contrast study of the seminal vesicles. [vesiculo- + G. grapho, to write]

vesiculopapular (ve-sik′u-lo-pap′u-lar)
Pertaining to or consisting of a combination of vesicles and papules, or of papules becoming increasingly edematous with sufficient collection of fluid to form vesicles.

vesiculoprostatitis (ve-sik′u-lo-pros′ta-ti′tis)
Inflammation of the bladder and prostate. [vesiculo- + prostate + G. -itis, inflammation]

vesiculotomy (ve-sik-u-lot′o-me)
Surgical incision of the seminal vesicles. [vesiculo- + G. tome, incision]

vesiculotubular (ve-sik′u-lo-too′bu-ler)
Denoting an auscultatory sound having both a vesicular and a tubular quality.

vesiculotympanic (ve-sik′u-lo-tim-pan′ik)
Denoting a percussion sound having both a vesicular and a tympanic quality.

Vesiculovirus (ve-sik′u-lo-vi′rus)
A genus of viruses (family Rhabdoviridae) that includes the vesicular stomatitis virus (of cattle) and related viruses.

vesp. (ves′per)
Abbreviation for L. vesper, evening. [L. evening]

vessel (ves′el) [TA]
A structure conveying or containing a fluid, especially a liquid. SEE ALSO: vas. [O. Fr. fr. L. vascellum, dim. of vas] absorbent vessels SYN: lymph vessels. afferent v. 1. any artery conveying blood to a part; 2. SYN: afferent glomerular arteriole. 3. SYN: afferent lymphatic. anastomosing v. SYN: anastomotic v.. anastomotic v. [TA] a v. that establishes a connection between arteries, between veins, or between lymph vessels. SYN: vas anastomoticum [TA] , anastomosing v.. blood v. blood v.. capillary v. SYN: capillary (2) . See blood capillary, lymph capillary. chyle v. SYN: lacteal (2) . collateral v. 1. a branch of an artery running parallel with the parent trunk; 2. a v. that runs in parallel with another v., nerve, or other long structure. SYN: vas collaterale. corkscrew vessels SYN: hairpin vessels. deep lymph v. [TA] one of the vessels that drain lymph from the deep structures of the body; they tend to follow the courses of blood vessels to reach regional lymph nodes. SYN: vas lymphaticum profundum [TA] . efferent v. SYN: efferent glomerular arteriole. hairpin vessels atypical blood vessels that double back on themselves, seen on colposcopy of the cervix; their presence indicates early invasive cervical cancer. SYN: corkscrew vessels. vessels of internal ear [TA] blood vessels of the internal ear, consisting of the labyrinthine artery and its branches and the labyrinthine veins and their tributaries. SYN: vasa sanguinea auris internae [TA] . lacteal v. SYN: lacteal (2) . lymph vessels [TA] the vessels that convey the lymph; they anastomose freely with each other. SYN: lymphatic vessels [TA] , absorbent vessels, lymphatics, vasa lymphatica. lymphatic vessels [TA] SYN: lymph vessels. nutrient v. SYN: nutrient artery. superficial lymph v. [TA] one of the lymphatic vessels that lie in the skin and subcutaneous tissues; they join the deep lymphatic vessels. SYN: vas lymphaticum superficiale [TA] . vessels of vessels SYN: vasa vasorum, under vas. vitelline vessels See vitelline artery, vitelline vein.

vestibula (ves-tib′u-la)
Plural of vestibulum.

vestibular (ves-tib′u-lar)
Relating to a vestibule, especially the vestibule of the ear. SYN: vestibularis.

vestibularis (ves-tib-u-la′ris)
SYN: vestibular, vestibular. [L.]

vestibulate (ves-tib′u-lat)
Possessing a vestibule.

vestibule (ves′ti-bool) [TA]
1. A small cavity or a space at the entrance of a canal. 2. Specifically, the central, somewhat ovoid, cavity of the osseous labyrinth communicating with the semicircular canals posteriorly and the cochlea anteriorly. SYN: vestibulum [TA] . [L. vestibulum] aortic v. [TA] the anterosuperior portion of the left ventricle of the heart immediately below the aortic orifice, having fibrous walls and affording room for the segments of the closed aortic valve. SYN: vestibulum aortae [TA] , Sibson aortic v.. buccal v. that part of the oral v. related to the cheek. esophagogastric v. SYN: gastroesophageal v.. gastroesophageal v. the dilated aboral portion of the esophagus, just above the cardiac orifice; usually it corresponds to the lumen of abdominal part of the esophagus although its relation to the diaphragm is variable. SYN: esophagogastric v.. labial v. that part of the oval v. related to the lips. v. of larynx [TA] the upper part of the laryngeal cavity from the superior aperture to the vestibular folds or rima vestibuli, bounded anteriorly by the epiglottis, laterally by the mucosa overlying the quadrangular membranes and posteriorly by the mucosa overlying the arytenoid cartilages and arytenoideus muscle. SYN: vestibulum laryngis [TA] , atrium glottidis, superior laryngeal cavity. v. of mouth SYN: oral v.. nasal v. [TA] the anterior part of the nasal cavity, especially that enclosed by cartilage. SYN: vestibulum nasi [TA] , v. of nose. v. of nose SYN: nasal v.. v. of omental bursa [TA] the upper part of the bursa omentalis, just within the epiploic foramen (of Winslow), behind the caudate lobe of the liver. SYN: vestibulum bursae omentalis [TA] . oral v. [TA] that part of the mouth bounded anteriorly and laterally by the lips and the cheeks, posteriorly and medially by the teeth and/or gums, and above and below by the reflections of the mucosa from the lips and cheeks to the gums. SYN: vestibulum oris [TA] , buccal cavity, v. of mouth. Sibson aortic v. SYN: aortic v.. v. of vagina [TA] the space posterior to the glans clitoridis and between the labia minora, containing the openings of the vagina, urethra, and ducts of the greater vestibular glands. SYN: vestibulum vaginae [TA] , vaginal introitus, vestibulum pudendi.

vestibulitis
An inflammation of the vulvar vestibule and the periglandular and subepithelial stroma characterized by a burning sensation and painful coitus.

vestibulo-
Vestibule, vestibulum. [L. vestibulum]

vestibulocerebellum (ves-tib′u-lo-ser-e-bel′um) [TA]
Those regions of the cerebellar cortex whose predominant afferent fibers arise from the ganglion vestibulare and the vestibular nuclei; structures included under this term are nodulus, flocculus, ventral parts of the uvula and small ventral parts of the lingula. SYN: archeocerebellum. [vestibulo- + L. cerebellum]

vestibulocochlear (ves-tib′u-lo-kok′le-ar)
1. Relating to the vestibulum and cochlea of the ear. 2. SYN: statoacoustic.

vestibulopathy (ves-tib′u-lop′a-the)
Any abnormality of the vestibular apparatus, e.g., Ménière disease. idiopathic bilateral v. slowly progressive disorder affecting young to middle-aged adults, manifested as gait unsteadiness (especially when visual cues are absent) and oscillopsia, unaccompanied by vertigo and hearing loss. migraine-related v. a disorder characterized by movement-associated disequilibrium, unsteadiness, space and motion discomfort, and vertigo before onset of headache.

vestibuloplasty (ves-tib′u-lo-plas-te)
Any of a series of surgical procedures designed to restore alveolar ridge height by lowering muscles attaching to the buccal, labial, and lingual aspects of the jaws. [vestibulo- + G. plasso, to form]

vestibulospinal (ves-tib′u-lo-spi′nal)
See lateral v. tract.

vestibulotomy (ves-tib′u-lot′o-me)
Operation for an opening into the vestibule of the labyrinth. [vestibulo- + G. tome, incision]

vestibulourethral (ves-tib′u-lo-oo-re′thral)
Relating to the vestibule of the vagina and urethra.

vestibulum, pl .vestibula (ves-tib′u-lum, -la) [TA]
SYN: vestibule. [L. antechamber, entrance court] v. aortae [TA] SYN: aortic vestibule. v. bursae omentalis [TA] SYN: vestibule of omental bursa. v. laryngis [TA] SYN: vestibule of larynx. v. nasi [TA] SYN: nasal vestibule. v. oris [TA] SYN: oral vestibule. v. pudendi SYN: vestibule of vagina. v. vaginae [TA] SYN: vestibule of vagina.

vestige (ves′tij) [TA]
A trace or a rudimentary structure; the degenerated remains of any structure which occurs as an entity in the embryo or fetus. SYN: vestigium [TA] . [L. vestigium] v. of ductus deferens [TA] remnant in a female of the portion of the embryonic mesonephric duct that develops into the ductus deferens in males. v. of processus vaginalis [TA] incompletely obliterated remnants of the vaginal process of the peritoneum remaining in the spermatic cord. SYN: vestigium processus vaginalis [TA] , v. of vaginal process. v. of vaginal process SYN: v. of processus vaginalis.

vestigial (ves-tij′e-al)
Relating to a vestige.

vestigium, pl .vestigia (ves-tij′e-um, -a) [TA]
SYN: vestige. [L. footprint (trace), fr. vestigo, to track, trace] v. processus vaginalis [TA] SYN: vestige of processus vaginalis.

vesuvin (ve-soo′vin) [C.I. 21000]
SYN: Bismarck brown Y. [Vesuvius, volcano in Italy]

veterinarian (vet′e-rin-ar′e-an)
A person who holds an academic degree in veterinary medicine; a licensed practitioner of veterinary medicine. [see veterinary]

veterinary (vet′e-rin-ar-e)
Relating to the diseases of animals. [L. veterinarius, fr. veterina, beast of burden]

via, pl .viae (vi′a, vi′e; ve′a)
Any passage in the body, as the intestine, the vagina, etc. [L. way, road]

viability (vi-a-bil′i-te)
Capability of living; the state of being viable; usually connotes a fetus that has reached 500 g in weight and 20 gestational weeks. [Fr. viabilité fr. L. vita, life]

viable (vi′a-bl)
Capable of living; denoting a fetus sufficiently developed to live outside of the uterus. [Fr. fr. vie, life, fr. L. vita]

vial (vi′al)
A small bottle or receptacle for holding liquids, including medicines. SYN: phial. [G. phiale, a drinking cup]

vibesate (vi′be-sat)
A mixture of polvinate and malrosinol in organic solvent and a propellant; a modified polyvinyl plastic used as a topical spray for wounds.

vibration (vi-bra′shun)
1. A shaking. 2. A to-and-fro movement, as in oscillation. [L. vibratio, fr. vibro, pp. -atus, to quiver, shake]

vibrative (vi′bra-tiv)
SYN: vibratory.

vibrator (vi′bra-ter, tor)
An instrument used for imparting vibrations.

vibratory (vi′bra-tor-e)
Marked by vibrations. SYN: vibrative.

Vibrio (vib′re-o)
A genus of motile (occasionally nonmotile), nonsporeforming, aerobic to facultatively anaerobic, Gram-negative bacteria (family Spirillaceae) containing short (0.5–3.0 μm), curved or straight rods which occur singly or which are occasionally united into S-shapes or spirals. Motile cells contain a single polar flagellum; in some species, two or more flagella occur in one polar tuft. Some of these organisms are saprophytes in salt and fresh water and in soil; others are parasites or pathogens. The type species is V. cholerae. [L. vibro, to vibrate] V. alginolyticus a bacterial species associated with wound and ear infections, and with bacteremia in immunocompromised and in burn patients. V. cholerae a bacterial species that produces a soluble exotoxin and is the cause of cholera in humans; it is the type species of the genus V.. SYN: cholera bacillus, comma bacillus. V. fetus former name for Campylobacter fetus. V. fluvialis a bacterial species similar to strains of Aeromonas, associated with diarrheal disease in humans. V. furnissii an aerogenic strain of bacteria, similar to V. fluvialis, associated with diarrheal disease and outbreaks of gastroenteritis. V. hollisae a bacterial species that can cause dysentery in humans. V. metschnikovii a bacterial species causing acute enteric disease in chickens and other avian species; also isolated from human stool. V. mimicus a sucrose-negative bacterial strain, similar to V. cholerae, isolated from human stool in diarrheal disease and from human ear infections. V. parahaemolyticus a marine bacterial species that causes gastroenteritis and bloody diarrhea, usually from eating contaminated shellfish. V. sputorum former name for Campylobacter sputorum. V. vulnificus a species capable of causing gastroenteritis and cutaneous lesions that may result in fatal septicemia, especially in a cirrhotic or immunocompromised patient; usually contracted from contaminated oysters; also a cause of wound infections, especially those associated with handling of shellfish.

vibrio (vib′re-o)
A member of the genus V.. El Tor v. a bacterium regarded as a biovar of V. cholerae. It was originally isolated from six pilgrims who died of dysentery or gangrene of the colon at the Tor quarantine station on the Sinai Peninsula. Nasik v. an organism differing from the cholera v., being shorter and stouter and less comma shaped; its cultures are very toxic to laboratory animals on intravenous injections.

Vibrion septique (ve-bre-on′ sep-tek′)
SYN: Clostridium septicum. [Fr. septic vibrio]

vibriosis, pl .vibrioses (vib-re-o′sis)
Infection caused by species of bacteria of the genus Vibrio.




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