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    Bolivia Geography 1995

      Location: Central South America, between Brazil and Chile

      Map references: South America, Standard Time Zones of the World

      total area: 1,098,580 sq km
      land area: 1,084,390 sq km
      comparative area: slightly less than three times the size of Montana

      Land boundaries: total 6,743 km, Argentina 832 km, Brazil 3,400 km, Chile 861 km, Paraguay 750 km, Peru 900 km

      Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)

      Maritime claims: none; landlocked

      International disputes: has wanted a sovereign corridor to the South Pacific Ocean since the Atacama area was lost to Chile in 1884; dispute with Chile over Rio Lauca water rights

      Climate: varies with altitude; humid and tropical to cold and semiarid

      Terrain: rugged Andes Mountains with a highland plateau (Altiplano), hills, lowland plains of the Amazon Basin

      Natural resources: tin, natural gas, petroleum, zinc, tungsten, antimony, silver, iron ore, lead, gold, timber

      Land use:
      arable land: 3%
      permanent crops: 0%
      meadows and pastures: 25%
      forest and woodland: 52%
      other: 20%

      Irrigated land: 1,650 sq km (1989 est.)

      current issues: deforestation contributing to loss of biodiversity; overgrazing; soil erosion; desertification; industrial pollution of water supplies used for drinking and irrigation
      natural hazards: flooding in the northeast (March to April)
      international agreements: party to - Endangered Species, Nuclear Test Ban, Wetlands; signed, but not ratified - Biodiversity, Climate Change, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Tropical Timber

      Note: landlocked; shares control of Lago Titicaca, world's highest navigable lake (elevation 3,805 m), with Peru; cold, thin air of high plateau is obstacle to efficient fuel combustion, as well as to physical activity by those unaccustomed to it from birth

      NOTE: The information regarding Bolivia on this page is re-published from the 1995 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Bolivia Geography 1995 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Bolivia Geography 1995 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 09-Aug-02
    Copyright © 2002 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)