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    Ecuador Geography 1995

      Location: Western South America, bordering the Pacific Ocean at the Equator between Colombia and Peru

      Map references: South America, Standard Time Zones of the World

      total area: 283,560 sq km
      land area: 276,840 sq km
      comparative area: slightly smaller than Nevada
      note: includes Galapagos Islands

      Land boundaries: total 2,010 km, Colombia 590 km, Peru 1,420 km

      Coastline: 2,237 km

      Maritime claims:
      continental shelf: claims continental shelf between mainland and Galapagos Islands
      territorial sea: 200 nm

      International disputes: three sections of the boundary with Peru are in dispute

      Climate: tropical along coast becoming cooler inland

      Terrain: coastal plain (costa), inter-Andean central highlands (sierra), and flat to rolling eastern jungle (oriente)

      Natural resources: petroleum, fish, timber

      Land use:
      arable land: 6%
      permanent crops: 3%
      meadows and pastures: 17%
      forest and woodland: 51%
      other: 23%

      Irrigated land: 5,500 sq km (1989 est.)

      current issues: deforestation; soil erosion; desertification; water pollution
      natural hazards: subject to frequent earthquakes, landslides, volcanic activity; periodic droughts
      international agreements: party to - Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber, Wetlands

      Note: Cotopaxi in Andes is highest active volcano in world

      NOTE: The information regarding Ecuador on this page is re-published from the 1995 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Ecuador Geography 1995 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Ecuador Geography 1995 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 09-Aug-02
    Copyright © 2002 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)