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    Estonia Government 1995
    https://theodora.com/wfb/1995/estonia/estonia_government.html
    SOURCE: 1995 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Names:
      conventional long form: Republic of Estonia
      conventional short form:
      local long form: Eesti Vabariik
      local short form: Eesti
      former: Estonian Soviet Socialist Republic
      Digraph: EN
      Type: republic

      Capital: Tallinn
      Administrative divisions:
      15 counties (maakonnad, singular - maakond) and 6 municipalities*: Harju maakond (Tallinn), Hiiu maakond (Kardla), Ida-Viru maakond (Johvi), Jarva maakond (Paide), Jogeva maakond (Jogeva), Kohtla-Jarve*, Laane maakond (Haapsalu), Laane-Viru maakond (Rakvere), Narva*, Parnu*, Parnu maakond (Parnu), Polva maakond (Polva), Rapla maakond (Rapla), Saare maakond (Kuessaare), Sillamae*, Tallinn*, Tartu*, Tartu maakond (Tartu), Valga maakond (Valga), Viljandi maakond (Viljandi), Voru maakond (Voru)
      note: county centers are in parentheses

      Independence: 6 September 1991 (from Soviet Union)
      National holiday: Independence Day, 24 February (1918)

      Constitution: adopted 28 June 1992

      Legal system: based on civil law system; no judicial review of legislative acts
      Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

      Executive branch:
      chief of state: President Lennart MERI (since 21 October 1992); election last held 20 September 1992; (next to be held NA 1997); results - no candidate received majority; newly elected Parliament elected Lennart MERI (21 October 1992)
      head of government: Prime Minister Mart LAAR (since 21 October 1992)
      cabinet: Council of Ministers; appointed by the prime minister, authorized by the legislature

      Legislative branch: unicameral
      Parliament (Riigikogu): elections last held 20 September 1992; (next to be held NA); results - Fatherland 21%, Safe Haven 14%, Popular Front 13%, M 10%, ENIP 8%, ERP 7%, ERL 7%, EP 2%, other 18%; seats - (101 total) Fatherland 29, Safe Haven 18, Popular Front 15, M 12, ENIP 10, ERP 8, ERL 8, EP 1

      Judicial branch: Supreme Court

      Political parties and leaders: National Coalition Party 'Pro Patria' (Isamaa of Fatherland), Mart LAAR, president, made up of 4 parties: Christian Democratic Party (KDE), Aivar KALA, chairman; Christian Democratic Union (KDL), Illar HALLASTE, chairman; Conservative People's Party (KR), Enn TARTO, chairman; Republican Coalition Party (VK), Leo STARKOV, chairman; Moderates (M), made up of two parties: Estonian Social Democratic Party (ESDB), Marju LAURISTIN, chairman; Estonian Rural Center Pary (EMK), Ivar RAIG, chairman; Estonian National Independence Party (ENIP), Tunne KELAM, chairman; Liberal Democratic Party (LDP),
      Paul-Eerik RUMMO, chairman; Safe Haven, made up of three parties: Estonian Coalition Party (EK), Tiit VAHI, chairman; Estonian Rural Union (EM), Arvo SIRENDI, chairman; Estonian Democratic Justice Union/Estonian Pensioners' League (EDO/EPU), Harri KARTNER, chairman; Estonian Centrist Party (EK), Edgar SAVISAAR, chairman; Estonian Democratic Labor Party (EDT), Vaino VALJAS, chairman; Estonian Green Party (ERL), Tonu OJA; Estonian Royalist Party (ERP), Kalle KULBOK, chairman; Entrepreneurs' Party (EP), Tiit MADE; Estonian Citizen (EKL), Juri TOOMEPUU, chairman
      Member of: BIS, CBSS, CCC, CE, CSCE, EBRD, ECE, FAO, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, IFC, ILO, IMF, IMO, INTERPOL, IOC, ISO (correspondent), ITU, NACC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UPU, WHO, WMO

      Diplomatic representation in US:
      chief of mission: Ambassador Toomas Hendrik ILVES
      chancery: 1030 15th Street NW, Washington, DC 20005, Suite 1000
      telephone: (202) 789-0320
      FAX: (202) 789-0471
      consulate(s) general: New York
      US diplomatic representation:
      chief of mission: Ambassador Robert C. FRASURE
      embassy: Kentmanni 20, Tallin EE 0001
      mailing address: use embassy street address
      telephone: 011-[372] (6) 312-021 through 024
      FAX: [372] (6) 312-025

      Flag: pre-1940 flag restored by Supreme Soviet in May 1990 - three equal horizontal bands of blue (top), black, and white

      NOTE: The information regarding Estonia on this page is re-published from the 1995 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Estonia Government 1995 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Estonia Government 1995 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    https://theodora.com/wfb/1995/estonia/estonia_government.html

    Revised 09-Aug-02
    Copyright © 2002 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


    ctr12/21/01