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    Finland Geography 1995

      Location: Nordic State, Northern Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea between Sweden and Russia

      Map references: Arctic Region, Europe, Standard Time Zones of the World

      total area: 337,030 sq km
      land area: 305,470 sq km
      comparative area: slightly smaller than Montana

      Land boundaries: total 2,628 km, Norway 729 km, Sweden 586 km, Russia 1,313 km

      Coastline: 1,126 km (excludes islands and coastal indentations)

      Maritime claims:
      contiguous zone: 6 nm
      continental shelf: 200-m depth or to depth of exploitation
      exclusive fishing zone: 12 nm
      territorial sea: 4 nm

      International disputes: none

      Climate: cold temperate; potentially subarctic, but comparatively mild because of moderating influence of the North Atlantic Current, Baltic Sea, and more than 60,000 lakes

      Terrain: mostly low, flat to rolling plains interspersed with lakes and low hills

      Natural resources: timber, copper, zinc, iron ore, silver

      Land use:
      arable land: 8%
      permanent crops: 0%
      meadows and pastures: 0%
      forest and woodland: 76%
      other: 16%

      Irrigated land: 620 sq km (1989 est.)

      current issues: air pollution from manufacturing and power plants contributing to acid rain; water pollution from industrial wastes, agricultural chemicals; habitat loss threatens wildlife populations
      natural hazards: NA
      international agreements: party to - Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Sulphur, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Antarctic Treaty, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber, Wetlands, Whaling; signed, but not ratified - Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Law of the Sea

      Note: long boundary with Russia; Helsinki is northernmost national capital on European continent; population concentrated on small southwestern coastal plain

      NOTE: The information regarding Finland on this page is re-published from the 1995 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Finland Geography 1995 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Finland Geography 1995 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 09-Aug-02
    Copyright © 2002 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)