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    Georgia Geography 1995

      Location: Southwestern Asia, bordering the Black Sea, between Turkey and Russia

      Map references: Africa, Asia, Commonwealth of Independent States - European States, Middle East, Standard Time Zones of the World

      total area: 69,700 sq km
      land area: 69,700 sq km
      comparative area: slightly larger than South Carolina

      Land boundaries: total 1,461 km, Armenia 164 km, Azerbaijan 322 km, Russia 723 km, Turkey 252 km

      Coastline: 310 km

      Maritime claims:
      note: 12 nm in 1973 USSR-Turkish Protocol concerning the sea boundary between the two states in the Black Sea; Georgia claims the coastline along the Black Sea as its international waters, although it cannot control this area and the Russian navy and commercial ships transit freely

      International disputes: none

      Climate: warm and pleasant; Mediterranean-like on Black Sea coast

      Terrain: largely mountainous with Great Caucasus Mountains in the north and Lesser Caucasus Mountains in the south; Kolkhida Lowland opens to the Black Sea in the west; Mtkvari River Basin in the east; good soils in river valley flood plains, foothills of Kolkhida Lowland

      Natural resources: forest lands, hydropower, manganese deposits, iron ores, copper, minor coal and oil deposits; coastal climate and soils allow for important tea and citrus growth

      Land use:
      arable land: NA%
      permanent crops: NA%
      meadows and pastures: NA%
      forest and woodland: NA%
      other: NA%

      Irrigated land: 4,660 sq km (1990)

      current issues: air pollution, particularly in Rust'avi; heavy pollution of Mtkvari River and the Black Sea; inadequate supplies of safe drinking water; soil pollution from toxic chemicals
      natural hazards: NA
      international agreements: NA

      NOTE: The information regarding Georgia on this page is re-published from the 1995 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Georgia Geography 1995 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Georgia Geography 1995 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 09-Aug-02
    Copyright © 2002 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)