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    Mongolia Geography 1995

      Location: Northern Asia, between China and Russia

      Map references: Asia, Standard Time Zones of the World

      total area: 1.565 million sq km
      land area: 1.565 million sq km
      comparative area: slightly larger than Alaska

      Land boundaries: total 8,114 km, China 4,673 km, Russia 3,441 km

      Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)

      Maritime claims: none; landlocked

      International disputes: none

      Climate: desert; continental (large daily and seasonal temperature ranges)

      Terrain: vast semidesert and desert plains; mountains in west and southwest; Gobi Desert in southeast

      Natural resources: oil, coal, copper, molybdenum, tungsten, phosphates, tin, nickel, zinc, wolfram, fluorspar, gold

      Land use:
      arable land: 1%
      permanent crops: 0%
      meadows and pastures: 79%
      forest and woodland: 10%
      other: 10%

      Irrigated land: 770 sq km (1989)

      current issues: limited water resources; policies of the former communist regime promoting rapid urbanization and industrial growth have raised concerns about their negative effects on the environment; the burning of soft coal and the concentration of factories in Ulaanbaatar have severely polluted the air; deforestation, overgrazing, the converting of virgin land to agricultural production have increased soil erosion from wind and rain; desertification
      natural hazards: NA
      international agreements: party to - Biodiversity, Climate Change, Environmental Modification, Nuclear Test Ban; signed, but not ratified - Law of the Sea

      Note: landlocked; strategic location between China and Russia

      NOTE: The information regarding Mongolia on this page is re-published from the 1995 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Mongolia Geography 1995 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Mongolia Geography 1995 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 09-Aug-02
    Copyright © 2002 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)