Panama Geography 1995 - Flags, Maps, Economy, Geography, Climate, Natural Resources, Current Issues, International Agreements, Population, Social Statistics, Political System
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    Panama Geography 1995

      Location: Middle America, between Colombia and Costa Rica

      Map references: Central America and the Caribbean, South America, Standard Time Zones of the World

      total area: 78,200 sq km
      land area: 75,990 sq km
      comparative area: slightly smaller than South Carolina

      Land boundaries: total 555 km, Colombia 225 km, Costa Rica 330 km

      Coastline: 2,490 km

      Maritime claims:
      territorial sea: 200 nm

      International disputes: none

      Climate: tropical; hot, humid, cloudy; prolonged rainy season (May to January), short dry season (January to May)

      Terrain: interior mostly steep, rugged mountains and dissected, upland plains; coastal areas largely plains and rolling hills

      Natural resources: copper, mahogany forests, shrimp

      Land use:
      arable land: 6%
      permanent crops: 2%
      meadows and pastures: 15%
      forest and woodland: 54%
      other: 23%

      Irrigated land: 320 sq km (1989 est.)

      current issues: water pollution from agricultural runoff threatens fishery resources; deforestation of tropical rain forest; land degradation
      natural hazards: NA
      international agreements: party to - Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber, Wetlands; signed, but not ratified - Biodiversity, Climate Change, Law of the Sea, Marine Life Conservation

      Note: strategic location on eastern end of isthmus forming land bridge connecting North and South America; controls Panama Canal that links North Atlantic Ocean via Caribbean Sea with North Pacific Ocean

      NOTE: The information regarding Panama on this page is re-published from the 1995 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Panama Geography 1995 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Panama Geography 1995 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 09-Aug-02
    Copyright © 2002 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)