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Brunei


    • Names:

        conventional long form:
        Negara Brunei Darussalam

        conventional short form:
        Brunei

    • Digraph:
      BX

    • Type:
      constitutional sultanate

    • Capital:
      Bandar Seri Begawan

    • Administrative divisions:
      4 districts (daerah-daerah, singular - daerah); Belait, Brunei and Muara, Temburong, Tutong

    • Independence:
      1 January 1984 (from UK)

    • National holiday:
      National Day 23 February (1984)

    • Constitution:
      29 September 1959 (some provisions suspended under a State of Emergency since December 1962, others since independence on 1 January 1984)

    • Legal system:
      based on Islamic law

    • Suffrage:
      none

    • Executive branch:

        chief of state and head of government:
        Sultan and Prime Minister His Majesty Paduka Seri Baginda Sultan Haji HASSANAL Bolkiah Mu'izzaddin Waddaulah (since 5 October 1967)

        cabinet:
        Council of Cabinet Ministers; composed chiefly of members of the royal family

    • Legislative branch:
      unicameral

        Legislative Council (Majlis Masyuarat Megeri):
        elections last held in March 1962; in 1970 the Council was changed to an appointive body by decree of the sultan; an elected legislative Council is being considered as part of constitution reform, but elections are unlikely for several years

    • Judicial branch:
      Supreme Court

    • Political parties and leaders:
      Brunei United National Party (inactive), Anak HASANUDDIN, chairman; Brunei National Solidarity Party (the first legal political party and now banned), leader NA; Brunei Peoples Party (banned), leader NA

    • Member of:
      APEC, ASEAN, C, ESCAP, FAO, G-77, GATT, ICAO, IDB, IMO, INMARSAT, INTELSAT (nonsignatory user), INTERPOL, IOC, ISO (correspondent), ITU, NAM, OIC, UN, UNCTAD, UPU, WHO, WIPO, WMO

    • Diplomatic representation in US:

        chief of mission:
        Ambassador Haji JAYA bin Abdul Latif

        chancery:
        Watergate, Suite 300, 3rd floor, 2600 Virginia Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20037

        telephone:
        [1] (202) 342-0159

        FAX:
        [1] (202) 342-0158

    • US diplomatic representation:

        chief of mission:
        Ambassador Theresa A. TULL

        embassy:
        Third Floor, Teck Guan Plaza, Jalan Sultan, Bandar Seri Begawan

        mailing address:
        American Embassy Box B, APO AP 96440

        telephone:
        [673] (2) 229670

        FAX:
        [673] (2) 225293

    • Flag:
      yellow with two diagonal bands of white (top, almost double width) and black starting from the upper hoist side; the national emblem in red is superimposed at the center; the emblem includes a swallow-tailed flag on top of a winged column within an upturned crescent above a scroll and flanked by two upraised hands






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