ABC logo

. Index

. Flag

. Geography

. People

. Government

. Economy

. Transportation

. Commun'tions

. Defense

. Geo Names

. Feedback

===========

Ad

Finland


    • Names:

        conventional long form:
        Republic of Finland

        conventional short form:
        Finland

        local long form:
        Suomen Tasavalta

        local short form:
        Suomi

    • Digraph:
      FI

    • Type:
      republic

    • Capital:
      Helsinki

    • Administrative divisions:
      12 provinces (laanit, singular - laani); Ahvenanmaa, Hame, Keski-Suomi, Kuopio, Kymi, Lappi, Mikkeli, Oulu, Pohjois-Karjala, Turku ja Pori, Uusimaa, Vaasa

    • Independence:
      6 December 1917 (from Soviet Union)

    • National holiday:
      Independence Day, 6 December (1917)

    • Constitution:
      17 July 1919

    • Legal system:
      civil law system based on Swedish law; Supreme Court may request legislation interpreting or modifying laws; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, with reservations

    • Suffrage:
      18 years of age; universal

    • Executive branch:

        chief of state:
        President Martti AHTISAARI (since 1 March 1994); election last held 31 January-6 February 1994 (next to be held January 2000); results - Martti AHTISAARI 54%, Elisabeth REHN 46%

        head of government:
        Prime Minister Paavo LIPPONEN (since 13 April 1995); Deputy Prime Minister Sauli NIINISTO (since 13 April 1995)

        cabinet:
        Council of State (Valtioneuvosto); appointed by the president, responsible to Parliament

    • Legislative branch:
      unicameral

        Parliament (Eduskunta):
        elections last held 19 March 1995 (next to be held March 1999); results - Social Democratic Party 28.3%, Center Party 19.9%, National Coalition (Conservative) Party 17.9%, Leftist Alliance (Communist) 11.2%, Swedish People's Party 5.1%, Green League 6.5%, Ecology Party 0.3%, Rural 1.3%, Finnish Christian League 3.0%, Liberal People's Party 0.6%, Young Finns 2.8%; seats - (200 total) Social Democratic Party 63, Center Party 44, National Coalition (Conservative) Party 39, Leftist Alliance (Communist) 22, Swedish People's Party 11, Green League 9, Ecology Party 1, Rural 1, Finnish Christian League 7, Young Finns 2, Aaland Islands 1

    • Judicial branch:
      Supreme Court (Korkein Oikeus)

    • Political parties and leaders:

        government coalition:
        Social Democratic Party, Paavo LIPPONEN; National Coalition (conservative) Party, Sauli NIINISTO; Leftist Alliance (Communist) People's Democratic League and Democratic Alternative, Claes ANDERSON; Swedish People's Party, (Johan) Ole NORRBACK; Green League, Pekka HAAVISTO

        other:
        Center Party, Esko AHO; Finnish Christian League, Toimi KANKAANNIEMI; Rural Party, Tina MAKELA; Liberal People's Party, Tuulikki UKKOLA; Greens Ecological Party (EPV); Young Finns

    • Other political or pressure groups:
      Finnish Communist Party-Unity, Yrjo HAKANEN; Constitutional Rightist Party; Finnish Pensioners Party; Communist Workers Party, Timo LAHDENMAKI

    • Member of:
      AfDB, AG (observer), AsDB, Australia Group, BIS, CBSS, CCC, CE, CERN, EBRD, ECE, EFTA, ESA (associate), EU, FAO, G- 9, GATT, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IEA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, INMARSAT, INTELSAT, INTERPOL, IOC, IOM, ISO, ITU, MTCR, NACC (observer), NAM (guest), NC, NEA, NIB, NSG, OAS (observer), OECD, OSCE, PCA, PFP, UN, UNCTAD, UNDOF, UNESCO, UNFICYP, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNIFIL, UNIKOM, UNMOGIP, UNPROFOR, UNTSO, UPU, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO, ZC

    • Diplomatic representation in US:

        chief of mission:
        Ambassador Jukka VALTASAARI

        chancery:
        3301 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20008

        telephone:
        [1] (202) 298-5800

        FAX:
        [1] (202) 298-6030

        consulate(s) general:
        Los Angeles and New York

    • US diplomatic representation:

        chief of mission:
        Ambassador Derek N. SHEARER

        embassy:
        Itainen Puistotie 14A, FIN-00140, Helsinki

        mailing address:
        APO AE 09723

        telephone:
        [358] (0) 171931

        FAX:
        [358] (0) 174681

    • Flag:
      white with a blue cross that extends to the edges of the flag; the vertical part of the cross is shifted to the hoist side in the style of the DANNEBROG (Danish flag)






Thank you for making this an award winning site

Please put this page in your BOOKMARKS - - - - -




ITA Home Page
The IMMIGRATION Superhighway Feedback

ITA WWWDesign
Flags of all Countries
Yahoo search

Revised 13-August-1997