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Kyrgyzstan Geography 1996

    • Location:
      Central Asia, west of China

    • Map references:
      Commonwealth of Independent States - Central Asian States

    • Area:

        total area:
        198,500 sq km

        land area:
        191,300 sq km

        comparative area:
        slightly smaller than South Dakota

    • Land boundaries:
      total 3,878 km, China 858 km, Kazakhstan 1,051 km, Tajikistan 870 km, Uzbekistan 1,099 km

    • Coastline:
      0 km (landlocked)

    • Maritime claims:
      none; landlocked

    • International disputes:
      territorial dispute with Tajikistan on southwestern boundary in Isfara Valley area

    • Climate:
      dry continental to polar in high Tien Shan; subtropical in southwest (Fergana Valley); temperate in northern foothill zone

    • Terrain:
      peaks of Tien Shan rise to 7,000 meters, and associated valleys and basins encompass entire nation

    • Natural resources:
      abundant hydroelectric potential; significant deposits of gold and rare earth metals; locally exploitable coal, oil and natural gas; other deposits of nepheline, mercury, bismuth, lead, and zinc

    • Land use:

        arable land:

        permanent crops:

        meadows and pastures:

        forest and woodland:


    • Irrigated land:
      10,320 sq km (1990)

    • Environment:

        current issues:
        water pollution; many people get their water directly from contaminated streams and wells, as a result, water-borne diseases are prevalent; increasing soil salinity from faulty irrigation practices

        natural hazards:

        international agreements:

    • Note:

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