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Immigration Software for Windows

Nicaragua Geography 1996

    • Location:
      Middle America, bordering both the Caribbean Sea and the North Pacific Ocean, between Costa Rica and Honduras

    • Map references:
      Central America and the Caribbean

    • Area:

        total area:
        129,494 sq km

        land area:
        120,254 sq km

        comparative area:
        slightly larger than New York State

    • Land boundaries:
      total 1,231 km, Costa Rica 309 km, Honduras 922 km

    • Coastline:
      910 km

    • Maritime claims:

        contiguous zone:
        25-nm security zone

        continental shelf:
        natural prolongation

        territorial sea:
        200 nm

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    • International disputes:
      territorial disputes with Colombia over the Archipelago de San Andres y Providencia and Quita Sueno Bank; with respect to the maritime boundary question in the Golfo de Fonseca, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) referred the disputants to an earlier agreement in this century and advised that some tripartite resolution among El Salvador, Honduras, and Nicaragua likely would be required

    • Climate:
      tropical in lowlands, cooler in highlands

    • Terrain:
      extensive Atlantic coastal plains rising to central interior mountains; narrow Pacific coastal plain interrupted by volcanoes

    • Natural resources:
      gold, silver, copper, tungsten, lead, zinc, timber, fish

    • Land use:

        arable land:

        permanent crops:

        meadows and pastures:

        forest and woodland:


    • Irrigated land:
      850 sq km (1989 est.)

    • Environment:

        current issues:
        deforestation; soil erosion; water pollution

        natural hazards:
        destructive earthquakes, volcanoes, landslides, and occasionally severe hurricanes

        international agreements:
        party to - Endangered Species, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection; signed, but not ratified - Biodiversity, Climate Change, Environmental Modification, Law of the Sea

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