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Portugal Government 1996


    • Names:

        conventional long form:
        Portuguese Republic

        conventional short form:
        Portugal

        local long form:
        Republica Portuguesa

        local short form:
        Portugal

    • Digraph:
      PO

    • Type:
      republic

    • Capital:
      Lisbon

    • Administrative divisions:
      18 districts (distritos, singular - distrito) and 2 autonomous regions* (regioes autonomas, singular - regiao autonoma); Aveiro, Acores (Azores)*, Beja, Braga, Braganca, Castelo Branco, Coimbra, Evora, Faro, Guarda, Leiria, Lisboa, Madeira*, Portalegre, Porto, Santarem, Setubal, Viana do Castelo, Vila Real, Viseu

    • Dependent areas:
      Macau (scheduled to become a Special Administrative Region of China on 20 December 1999)

    • Independence:
      1140 (independent republic proclaimed 5 October 1910)

    • National holiday:
      Day of Portugal, 10 June (1580)

    • Constitution:
      25 April 1976, revised 30 October 1982 and 1 June 1989

    • Legal system:
      civil law system; the Constitutional Tribunal reviews the constitutionality of legislation; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, with reservations

    • Suffrage:
      18 years of age; universal

    • Executive branch:

        chief of state:
        President Dr. Mario Alberto Nobre Lopes SOARES (since 9 March 1986); election last held 13 February 1991 (next to be held NA February 1996); results - Dr. Mario Lopes SOARES 70%, Basilio HORTA 14%, Carlos CARVALHAS 13%, Carlos MARQUES 3%; note - SOARES is finishing his second term and by law cannot run for a third consecutive term

        head of government:
        Prime Minister Anibal CAVACO SILVA (since 6 November 1985); note - will be replaced in the October 1995 elections

        Council of State:
        acts as a consultative body to the president

        cabinet:
        Council of Ministers; appointed by the president on recommendation of the prime minister

    • Legislative branch:
      unicameral

        Assembly of the Republic (Assembleia da Republica):
        elections last held 6 October 1991 (next to be held NA October 1995); results - PSD 50.4%, PS 29.3%, CDU 8.8%, CDS 4.4%, PSN 1.7%, PRD 0.6%, other 4.8%; seats - (230 total) PSD 136, PS 71, CDU 17, CDS 5, PSN 1

    • Judicial branch:
      Supreme Tribunal of Justice (Supremo Tribunal de Justica)

    • Political parties and leaders:
      Social Democratic Party (PSD), Fernando NOGUEIRA; Portuguese Socialist Party (PS), Antonio GUTERRES; Party of Democratic Renewal (PRD), Pedro CANAVARRO; Portuguese Communist Party (PCP), Carlos CARVALHAS; Social Democratic Center (CDS), Manuel MONTEIRO; National Solidarity Party (PSN), Manuel SERGIO; Center Democratic Party (CDS); United Democratic Coalition (CDU; Communists)

    • Member of:
      AfDB, Australia Group, BIS, CCC, CE, CERN, EBRD, EC, ECE, ECLAC, EIB, FAO, GATT, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IEA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, INMARSAT, INTELSAT, INTERPOL, IOC, IOM, ISO, ITU, LAIA (observer), MTCR, NACC, NAM (guest), NATO, NEA, NSG, OAS (observer), OECD, OSCE, PCA, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNOMOZ, UNPROFOR, UPU, WCL, WEU, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO, ZC

    • Diplomatic representation in US:

        chief of mission:
        Ambassador Francisco Jose Laco Treichler KNOPFLI

        chancery:
        2125 Kalorama Road NW, Washington, DC 20008

        telephone:
        [1] (202) 328-8610

        FAX:
        [1] (202) 462-3726

        consulate(s) general:
        Boston, New York, Newark (New Jersey), and San Francisco

        consulate(s):
        Los Angeles, New Bedford (Massachusetts), Providence (Rhode Island), and Washington, DC

    • US diplomatic representation:

        chief of mission:
        Ambassador Elizabeth Frawley BAGLEY

        embassy:
        Avenida das Forcas Armadas, 1600 Lisbon

        mailing address:
        PSC 83, Lisbon; APO AE 09726

        telephone:
        [351] (1) 7266600, 7266659, 7268670, 7268880

        FAX:
        [351] (1) 7269109

        consulate(s):
        Ponta Delgada (Azores)

    • Flag:
      two vertical bands of green (hoist side, two-fifths) and red (three-fifths) with the Portuguese coat of arms centered on the dividing line






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