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    Soviet Union Government - 1989
    https://theodora.com/wfb1989/soviet_union/soviet_union_government.html
    SOURCE: 1989 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Long-form name: Union of Soviet Socialist Republics; abbreviated USSR

      Type: Communist state

      Capital: Moscow

      Administrative divisions: 1 soviet federative socialist republic* (sovetskaya federativnaya sotsialistcheskaya respublika) and 14 soviet socialist republics (sovetskiye sotsialisticheskiye respubliki, singular--sovetskaya sotsialisticheskaya respublika); Armenian Soviet Socialist Republic, Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic, Byelorussian Soviet Socialist Republic, Estonian Soviet Socialist Republic, Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic, Kazakh Soviet Socialist Republic, Kirghiz Soviet Socialist Republic, Latvian Soviet Socialist Republic, Lithuanian Soviet Socialist Republic, Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic, Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic*, Tajik Soviet Socialist Republic, Turkmen Soviet Socialist Republic, Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic, Uzbek Soviet Socialist Republic; note--the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic is often abbreviated RSFSR and Soviet Socialist Republic is often abbreviated SSR

      Independence: 1721 (Russian Empire proclaimed)

      Constitution: 7 October 1977

      Legal system: civil law system as modified by Communist legal theory; no judicial review of legislative acts; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

      National holiday: Great October Socialist Revolution, 7-8 November (1917)

      Branches: executive--USSR Council of Ministers; legislative--USSR Congress of People's Deputies (numbers 2,250 deputies, 1,500 elected from territorial and national districts, and 750 from governing bodies of party, union, youth, and other organizations) and USSR Supreme Soviet (Congress elects the 542 members); judicial--Supreme Court of USSR

      Leaders: Mikhail Sergeyevich GORBACHEV, General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party (since 11 March 1985) and Chairman of the Presidium of the USSR Supreme Soviet (since 1 October 1988); Nikolay Ivanovich RYZHKOV, Chairman of the USSR Council of Ministers (since 28 September 1985)

      Suffrage: universal over age 18; direct, equal

      Elections: Congress of People's Deputies every five years; 2,250 seats in 1989; 87.6% held by party members

      Political party: Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU) is the only party permitted

      Voting strength: (1989 election) 172,840,000 persons over 18 voted

      Communists: over 19 million party members

      Other political or pressure groups: Komsomol, trade unions, and other organizations that facilitate Communist control

      Member of: CEMA, ESCAP, Geneva Disarmament Conference, IAEA, IBEC, ICAC, ICAO, ICCAT, ICCO, ICES, ILO, ILZSG, IMO, INRO, IPU, ISO, ITC, ITU, International Whaling Commission, IWC--International Wheat Council, UN, UNCTAD Common Fund, UNESCO, UPU, Warsaw Pact, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO

      Diplomatic representation: Ambassador Yuriy V. DUBININ; Chancery at 1125 16th Street NW, Washington DC 20036; telephone (202) 628-7551 or 8548; there is a Soviet Consulate General in San Francisco; US--Ambassador Jack F. MATLOCK, Jr.; Embassy at Ulitsa Chaykovskogo 19/21/23, Moscow (mailing address is APO New York 09862); telephone �7� (096) 252-24-51 through 59; there is a US Consulate General in Leningrad

      Flag: red with the yellow silhouette of a crossed hammer and sickle below a yellow-edged five-pointed red star in the upper hoist-side corner

      NOTE: The information regarding Soviet Union on this page is re-published from the 1989 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Soviet Union Government 1989 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Soviet Union Government 1989 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    https://theodora.com/wfb1989/soviet_union/soviet_union_government.html

    Revised 15-Apr-03
    Copyright © 2003 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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