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    Venezuela Geography - 1989

      Total area: 912,050 km2
      land area: 882,050 km2

      Comparative area: slightly more than twice the size of California

      Land boundaries: 4,993 km total
      Brazil 2,200 km, Colombia 2,050 km, Guyana 743 km

      Coastline: 2,800 km

      Maritime claims: @m5Contiguous zone: 15 nm
      @m5Continental shelf: 200 meters or to depth of exploitation
      @m5Extended economic zone: 200 nm
      @m5Territorial sea: 12 nm

      Disputes: claims Essequibo area of Guyana; maritime boundary dispute with Colombia in the Gulf of Venezuela

      Climate: tropical; hot, humid; more moderate in highlands

      Terrain: Andes mountains and Maracaibo lowlands in northwest; central plains (llanos); Guyana highlands in southeast

      Natural resources: crude oil, natural gas, iron ore, gold, bauxite, other minerals, hydropower, diamonds

      Land use: 3% arable land; 1% permanent crops; 20% meadows and pastures; 39% forest and woodland; 37% other; includes NEGL% irrigated

      Environment: subject to floods, rockslides, mudslides; Angel Falls is world's highest waterfall; unique rock massifs known as tepuis in the state of Bolivar

      Note: on major sea and air routes linking North and South America

      NOTE: The information regarding Venezuela on this page is re-published from the 1989 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Venezuela Geography 1989 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Venezuela Geography 1989 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 15-Apr-03
    Copyright © 2003 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)