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    New Caledonia Government - 1990

      Long-form name: Territory of New Caledonia and Dependencies

      Type: overseas territory of France

      Capital: Noumea

      Administrative divisions: none (overseas territory of France)

      Independence: none (overseas territory of France); note--a referendum on independence will be held in 1998, with a review of the issue in 1992

      Constitution: 28 September 1958 (French Constitution)

      Legal system: the 1988 Matignon Accords grant substantial autonomy to the islands; formerly under French law

      National holiday: Taking of the Bastille, 14 July (1789)

      Executive branch: high commissioner, Consultative Committee (cabinet)

      Legislative branch: unicameral Territorial Assembly

      Judicial branch: Court of Appeal

      Leaders: Chief of State--President Francois MITTERRAND (since 21 May 1981); Head of Government High Commissioner and President of the Council of Government Bernard GRASSET (since 15 July 1988)

      Political parties: white-dominated Rassemblement pour la Caledonie dans la Republique (RPCR), conservative; Melanesian proindependence Kanak Socialist National Liberation Front (FLNKS); Melanesian moderate Kanak Socialist Liberation (LKS); National Front (FN), extreme right; Caledonian Separatist Front, extreme left

      Suffrage: universal adult at age NA

      Elections: Territorial Congress--last held NA June 1989 (next to be held NA 1993); results--percent of vote by party NA; seats--(54 total) RPCR 27, FLNKS 19, FN 3, others 5; French Senate--last held 24 September 1989 (next to be held September 1992); results--percent of vote by party NA; seats--(1 total) RPCR 1; French National Assembly--last held 5 and 12 June 1988 (next to be held June 1993); results--percent of vote by party NA; seats--(2 total) RPCR 2

      Communists: number unknown; Palita extreme left party; some politically active Communists deported during 1950s; small number of North Vietnamese

      Member of: EIB (associate), WFTU, WMO

      Diplomatic representation: as an overseas territory of France, New Caledonian interests are represented in the US by France

      Flag: the flag of France is used

      NOTE: The information regarding New Caledonia on this page is re-published from the 1990 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of New Caledonia Government 1990 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about New Caledonia Government 1990 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 07-Feb-03
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