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    Romania People - 1990

      Population: 23,273,285 (July 1990), growth rate 0.5% (1990)

      Birth rate: 16 births/1,000 population (1990)

      Death rate: 10 deaths/1,000 population (1990)

      Net migration rate: - 1 migrants/1,000 population (1990)

      Infant mortality rate: 19 deaths/1,000 live births (1990)

      Life expectancy at birth: 69 years male, 75 years female (1990)

      Total fertility rate: 2.2 children born/woman (1990)

      Nationality: noun--Romanian(s); adjective--Romanian

      Ethnic divisions: 89.1% Romanian; 7.8% Hungarian; 1.5% German; 1.6% Ukrainian, Serb, Croat, Russian, Turk, and Gypsy

      Religion: 80% Romanian Orthodox; 6% Roman Catholic; 4% Calvinist, Lutheran, Jewish, Baptist

      Language: Romanian, Hungarian, German

      Literacy: 98%

      Labor force: 10,690,000; 34% industry, 28% agriculture, 38% other (1987)

      Organized labor: until December 1989, a single trade union system organized by the General Confederation of Romanian Trade Unions (UGSR) under control of the Communist Party; since Ceausescu's overthrow, newly-created trade and professional trade unions are joining two rival umbrella organizations--Organization of Free Trade Unions and Fratia (Brotherhood)

      NOTE: The information regarding Romania on this page is re-published from the 1990 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Romania People 1990 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Romania People 1990 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 07-Feb-03
    Copyright © 2003 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)