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    Madagascar Geography - 1991

      Total area: 587,040 km2
      land area: 581,540 km2

      Comparative area: slightly less than twice the size of Arizona

      Land boundaries: none

      Coastline: 4,828 km

      Maritime claims:
      Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
      Territorial sea: 12 nm

      Disputes: claims Bassas da India, Europa Island, Glorioso Islands, Juan de Nova Island, and Tromelin Island (all administered by France)

      Climate: tropical along coast, temperate inland, arid in south

      Terrain: narrow coastal plain, high plateau and mountains in center

      Natural resources: graphite, chromite, coal, bauxite, salt, quartz, tar sands, semiprecious stones, mica, fish

      Land use: arable land 4%; permanent crops 1%; meadows and pastures 58%; forest and woodland 26%; other 11%; includes irrigated 2%

      Environment: subject to periodic cyclones; deforestation; overgrazing; soil erosion; desertification

      Note: world's fourth-largest island; strategic location along Mozambique Channel

      NOTE: The information regarding Madagascar on this page is re-published from the 1991 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Madagascar Geography 1991 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Madagascar Geography 1991 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 08-Feb-03
    Copyright © 2003 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)