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    Venezuela Geography - 1991

      Total area: 912,050 km2
      land area: 882,050 km2

      Comparative area: slightly more than twice the size of California

      Land boundaries: 4,993 km total
      Brazil 2,200 km, Colombia 2,050 km, Guyana 743 km

      Coastline: 2,800 km

      Maritime claims: Contiguous zone: 15 nm
      Continental shelf: 200 m (depth) or to depth of exploitation
      Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
      Territorial sea: 12 nm

      Disputes: claims all of Guyana west of the Essequibo river; maritime boundary dispute with Colombia in the Gulf of Venezuela

      Climate: tropical; hot, humid; more moderate in highlands

      Terrain: Andes mountains and Maracaibo lowlands in northwest; central plains (llanos); Guyana highlands in southeast

      Natural resources: crude oil, natural gas, iron ore, gold, bauxite, other minerals, hydropower, diamonds

      Land use: arable land 3%; permanent crops 1%; meadows and pastures 20%; forest and woodland 39%; other 37%; includes irrigated NEGL%

      Environment: subject to floods, rockslides, mudslides; periodic droughts; increasing industrial pollution in Caracas and Maracaibo

      Note: on major sea and air routes linking North and South America

      NOTE: The information regarding Venezuela on this page is re-published from the 1991 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Venezuela Geography 1991 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Venezuela Geography 1991 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 08-Feb-03
    Copyright © 2003 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)