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    Cuba Economy - 2003
    https://theodora.com/wfb2003/cuba/cuba_economy.html
    SOURCE: 2003 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Economy - overview: The government continues to balance the need for economic loosening against a desire for firm political control. It has undertaken limited reforms in recent years to increase enterprise efficiency and alleviate serious shortages of food, consumer goods, and services but is unlikely to implement extensive changes. A major feature of the economy is the dichotomy between relatively efficient export enclaves and inefficient domestic sectors. The average Cuban's standard of living remains at a lower level than before the severe economic depression of the early 1990s, which was caused by the loss of Soviet aid and domestic inefficiencies. High oil import prices, recessions in key export markets, damage from Hurricanes Isidore and Lili, and the tourist slump after 11 September 2001 hampered growth in 2002.


      GDP: purchasing power parity - $25.9 billion (2002 est.)


      GDP - real growth rate: 0% (2002 est.)


      GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $2,300 (2002 est.)


      GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 7.6%
      industry: 34.5%
      services: 57.9% (2000 est.)


      Population below poverty line: NA%


      Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: NA%
      highest 10%: NA%


      Inflation rate (consumer prices): 7.1% (2002 est.)


      Labor force: 4.3 million
      note: state sector 78%, non-state sector 22% (2000 est.)


      Labor force - by occupation: agriculture 24%, industry 25%, services 51% (1999)


      Unemployment rate: 4.1% (2001 est.)


      Budget: revenues: $14.9 billion
      expenditures: $15.6 billion, including capital expenditures of $NA (2000 est.)


      Industries: sugar, petroleum, tobacco, chemicals, construction, services, nickel, steel, cement, agricultural machinery, biotechnology


      Industrial production growth rate: 0.2% (2001 est.)


      Electricity - production: 14.38 billion kWh (2001)


      Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: 93.9%
      hydro: 0.6%
      other: 5.5% (2001)
      nuclear: 0%


      Electricity - consumption: 13.37 billion kWh (2001)


      Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2001)


      Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2001)


      Oil - production: 50,000 bbl/day (2001 est.)


      Oil - consumption: 163,000 bbl/day (2001 est.)


      Oil - exports: NA (2001)


      Oil - imports: NA (2001)


      Oil - proved reserves: 532 million bbl (January 2002 est.)


      Natural gas - proved reserves: 42.62 billion cu m (January 2002 est.)


      Agriculture - products: sugar, tobacco, citrus, coffee, rice, potatoes, beans; livestock


      Exports: $1.8 billion f.o.b. (2002 est.)


      Exports - commodities: sugar, nickel, tobacco, fish, medical products, citrus, coffee


      Exports - partners: Netherlands 22.4%, Russia 13.3%, Canada 13.3%, Spain 7.3%, China 6.2% (2001)


      Imports: $4.8 billion f.o.b. (2001 est.)


      Imports - commodities: petroleum, food, machinery and equipment, chemicals


      Imports - partners: Spain 12.7%, France 6.5%, Canada 5.7%, China 5.3%, Italy 5.0% (2001)


      Debt - external: $12.3 billion (convertible currency); another $15 billion -$20 billion owed to Russia (2002 est.)


      Economic aid - recipient: $68.2 million (1997 est.)


      Currency: Cuban peso (CUP)


      Currency code: CUP


      Exchange rates: Cuban pesos per US dollar - 1.0000 (nonconvertible, official rate, for international transactions, pegged to the US dollar); convertible peso sold for domestic use at a rate of 1.00 US dollar per 27 pesos by the Government of Cuba (2002)


      Fiscal year: calendar year


      NOTE: The information regarding Cuba on this page is re-published from the 2003 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Guinea Geography 2003 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Cuba Economy 2003 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    https://theodora.com/wfb2003/cuba/cuba_economy.html

    Revised 20-Sep-03
    Copyright © 2003 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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