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    Ecuador Government - 2003
    https://theodora.com/wfb2003/ecuador/ecuador_government.html
    SOURCE: 2003 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Country name: conventional long form: Republic of Ecuador
      conventional short form: Ecuador
      local short form: Ecuador
      local long form: Republica del Ecuador


      Government type: republic


      Capital: Quito


      Administrative divisions: 22 provinces (provincias, singular - provincia); Azuay, Bolivar, Canar, Carchi, Chimborazo, Cotopaxi, El Oro, Esmeraldas, Galapagos, Guayas, Imbabura, Loja, Los Rios, Manabi, Morona-Santiago, Napo, Orellana, Pastaza, Pichincha, Sucumbios, Tungurahua, Zamora-Chinchipe


      Independence: 24 May 1822 (from Spain)


      National holiday: Independence Day (independence of Quito), 10 August (1809)


      Constitution: 10 August 1998


      Legal system: based on civil law system; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction


      Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal, compulsory for literate persons ages 18-65, optional for other eligible voters


      Executive branch: chief of state: President Lucio GUTIERREZ (since 15 January 2003); Vice President Alfredo PALACIO (since 15 January 2003); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government
      elections: the president and vice president are elected on the same ticket by popular vote for four-year term (no reelection); election last held 20 October 2002; runoff election held 24 November 2002 (next to be held NA October 2006)
      head of government: President Lucio GUTIERREZ (since 15 January 2003); Vice President Alfredo PALACIO (since 15 January 2003); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government
      cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the president
      election results: results of the 24 November 2002 runoff election - Lucio GUTIERREZ elected president; percent of vote - Lucio GUTIERREZ 54.3%; Alvaro NOBOA 45.7%


      Legislative branch: unicameral National Congress or Congreso Nacional (100 seats; members are popularly elected by province to serve four-year terms)
      elections: last held 20 October 2002 (next to be held NA October 2006)
      election results: percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - PSC 25, PRE 15, ID 16, PRIAN 10, PSP 9, Pachakutik Movement 6, MPD 5, DP 4, PS 3, independents 7; note - defections by members of National Congress are commonplace, resulting in frequent changes in the numbers of seats held by the various parties


      Judicial branch: Supreme Court or Corte Suprema (new justices are elected by the full Supreme Court)


      Political parties and leaders: Concentration of Popular Forces or CFP [Averroes BUCARAM]; Democratic Left or ID [Rodrigo BORJA Cevallos]; National Action Institutional Renewal Party or PRIAN [leader NA]; Pachakutik Movement [Miguel LLUCO]; Patriotic Society Party or PSP [leader NA]; Popular Democracy or DP [Dr. Juan Manuel FUERTES]; Popular Democratic Movement or MPD [Gustavo TERAN Acosta]; Radical Alfarista Front or FRA [Fabian ALARCON, director]; Roldosist Party or PRE [Abdala BUCARAM Ortiz, director]; Social Christian Party or PSC [Pascual DEL CIOPPO]; Socialist Party or PS [leader NA]


      Political pressure groups and leaders: Confederation of Indigenous Nationalities of Ecuador or CONAIE [Leonidas IZA, president]; Coordinator of Social Movements or CMS [F. Napoleon SANTOS]; Federation of Indigenous Evangelists of Ecuador or FEINE [Marco MURILLO, president]; National Federation of Indigenous Afro-Ecuatorianos and Peasants or FENOCIN [Pedro DE LA CRUZ, president]; Popular Front or FP [Luis VILLACIS]


      International organization participation: CAN, ECLAC, FAO, G-77, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICCt, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO, ITU, LAES, LAIA, NAM, OAS, OPANAL, OPCW, PCA, RG, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UPU, WCL, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO


      Diplomatic representation in the US: chief of mission: Ambassador (vacant); Charge d'Affaires Carlos A. JATIVA
      consulate(s) general: Chicago, Houston, Los Angeles, Miami, New Orleans, New York, Newark, Philadelphia, and San Francisco
      FAX: [1] (202) 667-3482
      telephone: [1] (202) 234-7200
      chancery: 2535 15th Street NW, Washington, DC 20009


      Diplomatic representation from the US: chief of mission: Ambassador Kristie Anne KENNEY
      embassy: Avenida 12 de Octubre y Avenida Patria, Quito
      mailing address: APO AA 34039
      telephone: [593] (2) 256-2890
      FAX: [593] (2) 250-2052
      consulate(s) general: Guayaquil


      Flag description: three horizontal bands of yellow (top, double width), blue, and red with the coat of arms superimposed at the center of the flag; similar to the flag of Colombia, which is shorter and does not bear a coat of arms


      NOTE: The information regarding Ecuador on this page is re-published from the 2003 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Guinea Geography 2003 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Ecuador Government 2003 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    https://theodora.com/wfb2003/ecuador/ecuador_government.html

    Revised 20-Sep-03
    Copyright © 2003 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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