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    Turkmenistan Government - 2003
    https://theodora.com/wfb2003/turkmenistan/turkmenistan_government.html
    SOURCE: 2003 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Country name: conventional long form: none
      conventional short form: Turkmenistan
      local long form: none
      former: Turkmen Soviet Socialist Republic
      local short form: Turkmenistan


      Government type: republic


      Capital: Ashgabat


      Administrative divisions: 5 provinces (welayatlar, singular - welayat): Ahal Welayaty (Ashgabat), Balkan Welayaty (Balkanabat), Dashoguz Welayaty, Lebap Welayaty (Turkmenabat), Mary Welayaty
      note: administrative divisions have the same names as their administrative centers (exceptions have the administrative center name following in parentheses)


      Independence: 27 October 1991 (from the Soviet Union)


      National holiday: Independence Day, 27 October (1991)


      Constitution: adopted 18 May 1992


      Legal system: based on civil law system


      Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal


      Executive branch: chief of state: President and Chairman of the Cabinet of Ministers Saparmurat NIYAZOV (since 27 October 1990, when the first direct presidential election occurred); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government
      head of government: President and Chairman of the Cabinet of Ministers Saparmurat NIYAZOV (since 27 October 1990, when the first direct presidential election occurred); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government
      cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the president
      elections: president elected by popular vote for a five-year term; election last held 21 June 1992 (next to be held NA); note - President NIYAZOV was unanimously approved as president for life by the Assembly on 28 December 1999); deputy chairmen of the cabinet of ministers are appointed by the president
      election results: Saparmurat NIYAZOV elected president without opposition; percent of vote - Saparmurat NIYAZOV 99.5%
      note: NIYAZOV's term in office was extended indefinitely on 28 December 1999 by the Assembly (Majlis) during a session of the People's Council (Halk Maslahaty)


      Legislative branch: under the 1992 constitution, there are two parliamentary bodies, a unicameral People's Council or Halk Maslahaty (more than 100 seats, some of which are elected by popular vote and some of which are appointed; meets at least yearly) and a unicameral Assembly or Majlis (50 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)
      election results: Assembly - percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - NA; note - all 50 elected officials preapproved by President NIYAZOV; most are from the DPT
      elections: People's Council - NA; Assembly - last held 12 December 1999 (next to be held NA 2004)


      Judicial branch: Supreme Court (judges are appointed by the president)


      Political parties and leaders: Democratic Party of Turkmenistan or DPT [Saparmurat NIYAZOV]
      note: formal opposition parties are outlawed; unofficial, small opposition movements exist underground or in foreign countries; the two most prominent opposition groups-in-exile have been Gundogar and Erkin; Gundogar was led by former Foreign Minister Boris SHIKHUMRADOV until his arrest and imprisonment in the wake of the 25 November 2002 assassination attempt on President NIYAZOV; Erkin is led by former Foreign Minister Abdy KULIEV and is based out of Moscow


      Political pressure groups and leaders: NA


      International organization participation: AsDB, CIS, EAPC, EBRD, ECE, ECO, ESCAP, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDB, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, IOC, IOM (observer), ISO (correspondent), ITU, NAM, OIC, OPCW, OSCE, PFP, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO (observer)


      Diplomatic representation in the US: chief of mission: Ambassador Mered Bairamovich ORAZOV
      FAX: [1] (202) 588-0697
      telephone: [1] (202) 588-1500
      chancery: 2207 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20008


      Diplomatic representation from the US: chief of mission: Ambassador Laura E. KENNEDY
      embassy: 9 Pushkin Street, Ashgabat, Turkmenistan 774000
      mailing address: use embassy street address
      telephone: [9] (9312) 35-00-45
      FAX: [9] (9312) 39-26-14


      Flag description: green field with a vertical red stripe near the hoist side, containing five carpet guls (designs used in producing rugs) stacked above two crossed olive branches similar to the olive branches on the UN flag; a white crescent moon and five white stars appear in the upper corner of the field just to the fly side of the red stripe


      NOTE: The information regarding Turkmenistan on this page is re-published from the 2003 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Guinea Geography 2003 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Turkmenistan Government 2003 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    https://theodora.com/wfb2003/turkmenistan/turkmenistan_government.html

    Revised 20-Sep-03
    Copyright © 2003 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


    turkmenistan_government_2003