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Burkina Faso Geography 2020

SOURCE: 2020 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Burkina Faso Geography 2020
SOURCE: 2020 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on January 27, 2020

Location:
Western Africa, north of Ghana

Geographic coordinates:
13 00 N, 2 00 W

Map references:
Africa

Area:
total: 274,200 sq km
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 273,800 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 400 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]
country comparison to the world (CIA rank, may be based on non-current data): 76

Area - comparative:
slightly larger than Colorado

Land boundaries:
total: 3,611 km
[see also: Land boundaries - total country ranks ]
border countries (6): Benin 386 km, Cote d'Ivoire 545 km, Ghana 602 km, Mali 1325 km, Niger 622 km, Togo 131 km

Coastline:
0 km (landlocked)
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
none (landlocked)

Climate:
three climate zones including a hot tropical savanna with a short rainy season in the southern half, a tropical hot semi-arid steppe climate typical of the Sahel region in the northern half, and small area of hot desert in the very north of the country bordering the Sahara Desert

Terrain:
Mostly flat to dissected, undulating plains; hills in the west and southeast.  Occupies an extensive plateau with savanna that is grassy in the north and gradually gives way to sparse forests in the south. (2019)

Elevation:
mean elevation: 297 m
[see also: Elevation - mean elevation country ranks ]
lowest point: Mouhoun (Black Volta) River 200 m
highest point: Tena Kourou 749 m

Natural resources:
gold, manganese, zinc, limestone, marble, phosphates, pumice, salt

Land use:
agricultural land: 44.2% (2016 est.)
[see also: Land use - agricultural land country ranks ]
arable land: 22% (2016 est.)
[see also: Land use - arable land country ranks ]
permanent crops: 37% (2016 est.)
[see also: Land use - permanent crops country ranks ]
permanent pasture: 21.93% (2016 est.)
[see also: Land use - permanent pasture country ranks ]
forest: 19.3% (2016 est.)
[see also: Land use - forest country ranks ]
other: 36.5% (2016 est.)
[see also: Land use country ranks ]
[see also: Land use country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
550 sq km (2016)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Population distribution:

Most of the population is located in the center and south. Nearly 31 percent of the population lives in cities. The capital and largest city is Ouagadougou (Ouaga), with a population of 1.8 million.  (2019)

Natural hazards:
recurring droughts

Environment - current issues:
recent droughts and desertification severely affecting agricultural activities, population distribution, and the economy; overgrazing; soil degradation; deforestation (2019)

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Paris Agreement, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands (2019)
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements (2019)

Geography - note:
landlocked savanna cut by the three principal rivers of the Black, Red, and White Voltas


NOTE: 1) The information regarding Burkina Faso on this page is re-published from the 2020 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency and other sources. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Burkina Faso Geography 2020 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Burkina Faso Geography 2020 should be addressed to the CIA or the source cited on each page.
2) The rank that you see is the CIA reported rank, which may have the following issues:
  a) They assign increasing rank number, alphabetically for countries with the same value of the ranked item, whereas we assign them the same rank.
  b) The CIA sometimes assigns counterintuitive ranks. For example, it assigns unemployment rates in increasing order, whereas we rank them in decreasing order.






This page was last modified 27-Jan-20
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