noun: Costa Rican(s)
adjective: Costa Rican
white or mestizo 83.6%, mulatto 6.7%, indigenous 2.4%, black of African descent 1.1%, other 1.1%, none 2.9%, unspecified 2.2% (2011 est.)
Spanish (official), English
Roman Catholic 71.8%, Evangelical and Pentecostal 12.3%, other Protestant 2.6%, Jehovah's Witness 0.5%, other 2.4%, none 10.4% (2016 est.)
Costa Rica's political stability, high standard of living, and well-developed social benefits system set it apart from its Central American neighbors. Through the government's sustained social spending - almost 20% of GDP annually - Costa Rica has made tremendous progress toward achieving its goal of providing universal access to education, healthcare, clean water, sanitation, and electricity. Since the 1970s, expansion of these services has led to a rapid decline in infant mortality, an increase in life expectancy at birth, and a sharp decrease in the birth rate. The average number of children born per women has fallen from about 7 in the 1960s to 3.5 in the early 1980s to below replacement level today. Costa Rica's poverty rate is lower than in most Latin American countries, but it has stalled at around 20% for almost two decades.
Costa Rica is a popular regional immigration destination because of its job opportunities and social programs. Almost 9% of the population is foreign-born, with Nicaraguans comprising nearly three-quarters of the foreign population. Many Nicaraguans who perform unskilled seasonal labor enter Costa Rica illegally or overstay their visas, which continues to be a source of tension. Less than 3% of Costa Rica's population lives abroad. The overwhelming majority of expatriates have settled in the United States after completing a university degree or in order to work in a highly skilled field.
0-14 years: 22.08% (male 575,731/female 549,802)
[see also: Age structure - 0-14 years country ranks ]
15-24 years: 15.19% (male 395,202/female 379,277)
[see also: Age structure - 15-24 years country ranks ]
25-54 years: 43.98% (male 1,130,387/female 1,111,791)
[see also: Age structure - 25-54 years country ranks ]
55-64 years: 9.99% (male 247,267/female 261,847)
[see also: Age structure - 55-64 years country ranks ]
65 years and over: 8.76% (male 205,463/female 241,221) (2020 est.)
NOTE: 1) The information regarding Costa Rica on this page is re-published from the 2020 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency and other sources. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Costa Rica People 2020 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Costa Rica People 2020 should be addressed to the CIA or the source cited on each page.
2) The rank that you see is the CIA reported rank, which may have the following issues:
a) They assign increasing rank number, alphabetically for countries with the same value of the ranked item, whereas we assign them the same rank.
b) The CIA sometimes assigns counterintuitive ranks. For example, it assigns unemployment rates in increasing order, whereas we rank them in decreasing order.
- Main Index
- 2020 Index
- Country Ranks
- Costa Rica Index 2020
- Costa Rica Main Index
- Gov. Leaders
- Airport Codes
- Transnational Issues
- Advertise Here
This page was last modified 27-Jan-20