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Israel Geography 2020

SOURCE: 2020 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Israel Geography 2020
SOURCE: 2020 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on January 27, 2020

Location:
Middle East, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Egypt and Lebanon

Geographic coordinates:
31 30 N, 34 45 E

Map references:
Middle East

Area:
total: 21,937 sq km
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 21,497 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 440 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]
country comparison to the world (CIA rank, may be based on non-current data): 153

Area - comparative:
slightly larger than New Jersey


Area comparison map:Area comparison map

Land boundaries:
total: 1,065 km
[see also: Land boundaries - total country ranks ]
border countries (6): Egypt 206 km, Gaza Strip 59 km, Jordan 336 km (20 km are within the Dead Sea), Lebanon 107 km, Syria 79 km, West Bank 278 km

Coastline:
273 km
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
territorial sea: 12 nm
[see also: Maritime claims - territorial sea country ranks ]
continental shelf: to depth of exploitation
[see also: Maritime claims - continental shelf country ranks ]

Climate:
temperate; hot and dry in southern and eastern desert areas
More Climate Details

Terrain:
Negev desert in the south; low coastal plain; central mountains; Jordan Rift Valley

Elevation:
mean elevation: 508 m note - does not include elevation data from the Golan Heights
[see also: Elevation - mean elevation country ranks ]
lowest point: Dead Sea -431 m
highest point: Mitspe Shlagim 2,224 m; note - this is the highest named point, the actual highest point is an unnamed dome slightly to the west of Mitspe Shlagim at 2,236 m; both points are on the northeastern border of Israel, along the southern end of the Anti-Lebanon mountain range

Natural resources:
timber, potash, copper ore, natural gas, phosphate rock, magnesium bromide, clays, sand

Land use:
agricultural land: 23.8% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - agricultural land country ranks ]
arable land: 13.7% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - arable land country ranks ]
permanent crops: 3.8% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - permanent crops country ranks ]
permanent pasture: 6.3% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - permanent pasture country ranks ]
forest: 7.1% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - forest country ranks ]
other: 69.1% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use country ranks ]
[see also: Land use country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
2,250 sq km (2012)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Population distribution:
population concentrated in and around Tel-Aviv, as well as around the Sea of Galilee; the south remains sparsely populated with the exception of the shore of the Gulf of Aqaba

Natural hazards:
sandstorms may occur during spring and summer; droughts; periodic earthquakes

Environment - current issues:
limited arable land and restricted natural freshwater resources; desertification; air pollution from industrial and vehicle emissions; groundwater pollution from industrial and domestic waste, chemical fertilizers, and pesticides

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: Marine Life Conservation

Geography - note:
note 1: Lake Tiberias (Sea of Galilee) is an important freshwater source; the Dead Sea is the second saltiest body of water in the world (after Lake Assal in Djibouti)

note 2: the Malham Cave in Mount Sodom is the world's longest salt cave at 10 km (6 mi); its survey is not complete and its length will undoubtedly increase; Mount Sodom is actually a hill some 220 m (722 ft) high that is 80% salt (multiple salt layers covered by a veneer of rock)

note 3: in March 2019, there were 380 Israeli settlements,to include 213 settlements and 132 outposts in the West Bank, and 35 settlements in East Jerusalem; there are no Israeli settlements in the Gaza Strip, as all were evacuated in 2005 (2019)


NOTE: 1) The information regarding Israel on this page is re-published from the 2020 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency and other sources. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Israel Geography 2020 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Israel Geography 2020 should be addressed to the CIA or the source cited on each page.
2) The rank that you see is the CIA reported rank, which may have the following issues:
  a) They assign increasing rank number, alphabetically for countries with the same value of the ranked item, whereas we assign them the same rank.
  b) The CIA sometimes assigns counterintuitive ranks. For example, it assigns unemployment rates in increasing order, whereas we rank them in decreasing order.






This page was last modified 27-Jan-20
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