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Jamaica Geography 2019

SOURCE: 2019 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Jamaica Geography 2019
SOURCE: 2019 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on February 08, 2019

Location:
Caribbean, island in the Caribbean Sea, south of Cuba

Geographic coordinates:
18 15 N, 77 30 W

Map references:
Central America and the Caribbean

Area:
total: 10,991 sq km
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 10,831 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 160 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 167

Area - comparative:
about half the size of New Jersey; slightly smaller than Connecticut


Area comparison map:Area comparison map

about half the size of New Jersey; slightly smaller than Connecticut

Land boundaries:
0 km

Coastline:
1,022 km
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
territorial sea: 12 nm
[see also: Maritime claims - territorial sea country ranks ]
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
[see also: Maritime claims - exclusive economic zone country ranks ]
contiguous zone: 24 nm
[see also: Maritime claims - contiguous zone country ranks ]
continental shelf: 200 nm or to edge of the continental margin
measured from claimed archipelagic straight baselines

Climate:
tropical; hot, humid; temperate interior
More Climate Details

Terrain:
mostly mountains, with narrow, discontinuous coastal plain

Elevation:
mean elevation: 18 m
[see also: Elevation - mean elevation country ranks ]
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Caribbean Sea
2256 highest point: Blue Mountain Peak

Natural resources:
bauxite, gypsum, limestone

Land use:
agricultural land: 41.4% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - agricultural land country ranks ]
arable land: 11.1% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - arable land country ranks ]
permanent crops: 9.2% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - permanent crops country ranks ]
permanent pasture: 21.1% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - permanent pasture country ranks ]
forest: 31.1% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - forest country ranks ]
other: 27.5% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
250 sq km (2012)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Population distribution:
population density is high throughout, but increases in and around Kingston, Montego Bay, and Port Esquivel

Natural hazards:
hurricanes (especially July to November)

Environment - current issues:
heavy rates of deforestation; coastal waters polluted by industrial waste, sewage, and oil spills; damage to coral reefs; air pollution in Kingston from vehicle emissions; land erosion

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Geography - note:
third largest island in the Caribbean (after Cuba and Hispaniola); strategic location between Cayman Trench and Jamaica Channel, the main sea lanes for the Panama Canal


NOTE: 1) The information regarding Jamaica on this page is re-published from the 2019 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Jamaica Geography 2019 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Jamaica Geography 2019 should be addressed to the CIA.
2) The rank that you see is the CIA reported rank, which may habe the following issues:
  a) They assign increasing rank number, alphabetically for countries with the same value of the ranked item, whereas we assign them the same rank.
  b) The CIA sometimes assignes counterintuitive ranks. For example, it assigns unemployment rates in increasing order, whereas we rank them in decreasing order






This page was last modified 08-Feb-19
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