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Kenya Geography 2018

SOURCE: 2018 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Kenya Geography 2018
SOURCE: 2018 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on February 28, 2018

Location:
Eastern Africa, bordering the Indian Ocean, between Somalia and Tanzania

Geographic coordinates:
1 00 N, 38 00 E

Map references:
Africa

Area:
total: 580,367 sq km
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 569,140 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 11,227 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 50

Area - comparative:
five times the size of Ohio; slightly more than twice the size of Nevada
Area comparison map: five times the size of Ohio; slightly more than twice the size of Nevada

Land boundaries:
total: 3,457 km
[see also: Land boundaries - total country ranks ]
border countries (5): Ethiopia 867 km, Somalia 684 km, South Sudan 317 km, Tanzania 775 km, Uganda 814 km

Coastline:
536 km
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
territorial sea: 12 nm
[see also: Maritime claims - territorial sea country ranks ]
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
[see also: Maritime claims - exclusive economic zone country ranks ]
continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
[see also: Maritime claims - continental shelf country ranks ]

Climate:
varies from tropical along coast to arid in interior
More Climate Details

Terrain:
low plains rise to central highlands bisected by Great Rift Valley; fertile plateau in west

Elevation:
mean elevation: 762 m
[see also: Elevation - mean elevation country ranks ]
elevation extremes: lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m highest point: Mount Kenya 5,199 m

Natural resources:
limestone, soda ash, salt, gemstones, fluorspar, zinc, diatomite, gypsum, wildlife, hydropower

Land use:
agricultural land: 48.1% arable land 9.8%; permanent crops 0.9%; permanent pasture 37.4%
[see also: Land use - agricultural land country ranks ]
forest: 6.1%
[see also: Land use - forest country ranks ]
other: 45.8% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
1,030 sq km (2012)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Population - distribution:
population heavily concentrated in the west along the shore of Lake Victoria; other areas of high density include the capital of Nairobi, and in the southeast along the Indian Ocean coast

Natural hazards:
recurring drought; flooding during rainy seasons
volcanism: limited volcanic activity; the Barrier (1,032 m) last erupted in 1921; South Island is the only other historically active volcano

Environment - current issues:
water pollution from urban and industrial wastes; degradation of water quality from increased use of pesticides and fertilizers; water hyacinth infestation in Lake Victoria; deforestation; soil erosion; desertification; poaching

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Geography - note:
the Kenyan Highlands comprise one of the most successful agricultural production regions in Africa; glaciers are found on Mount Kenya, Africa's second highest peak; unique physiography supports abundant and varied wildlife of scientific and economic value


NOTE: 1) The information regarding Kenya on this page is re-published from the 2018 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Kenya Geography 2018 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Kenya Geography 2018 should be addressed to the CIA.
2) The rank that you see is the CIA reported rank, which may habe the following issues:
  a) The assign increasing rank number, alphabetically for countries with the same value of the ranked item, whereas we assign them the same rank.
  b) The CIA sometimes assignes counterintuitive ranks. For example, it assigns unemployment rates in increasing order, whereas we rank them in decreasing order






This page was last modified 28-Feb-18
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