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Kenya PEOPLE 2018

SOURCE: 2018 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Kenya PEOPLE 2018
SOURCE: 2018 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on February 28, 2018

Population:
47,615,739
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 30
[see also: Population country ranks ]

Nationality:
noun: Kenyan(s)
adjective: Kenyan

Ethnic groups:
Kikuyu 22%, Luhya 14%, Luo 13%, Kalenjin 12%, Kamba 11%, Kisii 6%, Meru 6%, other African 15%, non-African (Asian, European, and Arab) 1%

Languages:
English (official), Kiswahili (official), numerous indigenous languages

Religions:
Christian 83% (Protestant 47.7%, Catholic 23.4%, other Christian 11.9%), Muslim 11.2%, Traditionalists 1.7%, other 1.6%, none 2.4%, unspecified 0.2% (2009 est.)

Demographic profile:
Kenya has experienced dramatic population growth since the mid-20th century as a result of its high birth rate and its declining mortality rate. More than 40% of Kenyans are under the age of 15 because of sustained high fertility, early marriage and childbearing, and an unmet need for family planning. Kenya’s persistent rapid population growth strains the labor market, social services, arable land, and natural resources. Although Kenya in 1967 was the first sub-Saharan country to launch a nationwide family planning program, progress in reducing the birth rate has largely stalled since the late 1990s, when the government decreased its support for family planning to focus on the HIV epidemic. Government commitment and international technical support spurred Kenyan contraceptive use, decreasing the fertility rate (children per woman) from about 8 in the late 1970s to less than 5 children twenty years later, but it has plateaued at just over 3 children today. Kenya is a source of emigrants and a host country for refugees. In the 1960s and 1970s, Kenyans pursued higher education in the UK because of colonial ties, but as British immigration rules tightened, the US, the then Soviet Union, and Canada became attractive study destinations. Kenya’s stagnant economy and political problems during the 1980s and 1990s led to an outpouring of Kenyan students and professionals seeking permanent opportunities in the West and southern Africa. Nevertheless, Kenya’s relative stability since its independence in 1963 has attracted hundreds of thousands of refugees escaping violent conflicts in neighboring countries; Kenya shelters more than 300,000 Somali refugees as of April 2017.

Age structure:
0-14 years: 40.02% (male 9,557,274/female 9,497,870)
[see also: Age structure - 0-14 years country ranks ]
15-24 years: 19.15% (male 4,552,448/female 4,567,894)
[see also: Age structure - 15-24 years country ranks ]
25-54 years: 33.91% (male 8,170,264/female 7,976,751)
[see also: Age structure - 25-54 years country ranks ]
55-64 years: 3.92% (male 856,092/female 1,009,075)
[see also: Age structure - 55-64 years country ranks ]
65 years and over: 3% (male 614,751/female 813,320) (2017 est.)

population pyramid:
A population pyramid illustrates the age and sex structure of a country's population and may provide insights about political and social stability, as well as economic development. The population is distributed along the horizontal axis, with males shown on the left and females on the right. The male and female populations are broken down into 5-year age groups represented as horizontal bars along the vertical axis, with the youngest age groups at the bottom and the oldest at the top. The shape of the population pyramid gradually evolves over time based on fertility, mortality, and international migration trends.

For additional information, please see the entry for Population pyramid on the Definitions and Notes page under the References tab.

Dependency ratios:
total dependency ratio: 78.3
[see also: Dependency ratios - total dependency ratio country ranks ]
youth dependency ratio: 73.7
[see also: Dependency ratios - youth dependency ratio country ranks ]
elderly dependency ratio: 4.6
[see also: Dependency ratios - elderly dependency ratio country ranks ]
potential support ratio: 21.7 (2015 est.)
[see also: Dependency ratios - potential support ratio country ranks ]

Median age:
total: 19.7 years
[see also: Median age - total country ranks ]
male: 19.6 years
[see also: Median age - male country ranks ]
female: 19.9 years (2017 est.)
[see also: Median age - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 200

Population growth rate:
1.69% (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 63
[see also: Population growth rate country ranks ]

Birth rate:
23.9 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 59
[see also: Birth rate country ranks ]

Death rate:
6.7 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 140
[see also: Death rate country ranks ]

Net migration rate:
-0.2 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 107
[see also: Net migration rate country ranks ]

Population distribution:
population heavily concentrated in the west along the shore of Lake Victoria; other areas of high density include the capital of Nairobi, and in the southeast along the Indian Ocean coast

Urbanization:
urban population: 26.5% of total population (2017)
[see also: Urbanization - urban population country ranks ]
rate of urbanization: 4.15% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
[see also: Urbanization - rate of urbanization country ranks ]

Major urban areas - population:
NAIROBI (capital) 3.915 million; Mombassa 1.104 million (2015)

Sex ratio:
at birth: 1.01 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - at birth country ranks ]
0-14 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 0-14 years country ranks ]
15-24 years: 1 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 15-24 years country ranks ]
25-54 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 25-54 years country ranks ]
55-64 years: 0.84 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 55-64 years country ranks ]
65 years and over: 0.77 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 65 years and over country ranks ]
total population: 1 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
[see also: Sex ratio - total population country ranks ]

Mother's mean age at first birth:
20.3 years
note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2014 est.)

Maternal mortality ratio:
510 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 19
[see also: Maternal mortality ratio country ranks ]

Infant mortality rate:
total: 37.1 deaths/1,000 live births
[see also: Infant mortality rate - total country ranks ]
male: 41.5 deaths/1,000 live births
[see also: Infant mortality rate - male country ranks ]
female: 32.7 deaths/1,000 live births (2017 est.)
[see also: Infant mortality rate - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 49

Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 64.3 years
[see also: Life expectancy at birth - total population country ranks ]
male: 62.8 years
[see also: Life expectancy at birth - male country ranks ]
female: 65.8 years (2017 est.)
[see also: Life expectancy at birth - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 186
[See also: Healthy Life Expectancy ]
[See also: Health Performance ]

Total fertility rate:
2.98 children born/woman (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 56
[see also: Total fertility rate country ranks ]

Contraceptive prevalence rate:
66.3% (2015)
[see also: Contraceptive prevalence rate country ranks ]

Health expenditures:
5.7% of GDP (2014)
country comparison to the world: 114
[see also: Health expenditures country ranks ]

Physicians density:
0.2 physicians/1,000 population (2013)
[see also: Physicians density country ranks ]

Hospital bed density:
1.4 beds/1,000 population (2010)
[see also: Hospital bed density country ranks ]

Drinking water source:
improved: urban: 81.6% of population rural: 56.8% of population total: 63.2% of population
unimproved: urban: 18.4% of population rural: 43.2% of population total: 36.8% of population (2015 est.)

Sanitation facility access:
improved: urban: 31.2% of population rural: 29.7% of population total: 30.1% of population
unimproved: urban: 68.8% of population rural: 70.3% of population total: 69.9% of population (2015 est.)

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
5.4% (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 12
[see also: HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
1.6 million (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 5
[see also: HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - deaths:
36,000 (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 6
[see also: HIV/AIDS - deaths country ranks ]

Major infectious diseases:
degree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne disease: malaria, dengue fever, and Rift Valley fever
water contact disease: schistosomiasis
animal contact disease: rabies (2016)

Obesity - adult prevalence rate:
7.1% (2016)
country comparison to the world: 161
[see also: Obesity - adult prevalence rate country ranks ]

Children under the age of 5 years underweight:
11% (2014)
country comparison to the world: 42
[see also: Children under the age of 5 years underweight country ranks ]

Education expenditures:
5.3% of GDP (2015)
country comparison to the world: 28

Literacy:
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 78%
[see also: Literacy - total population country ranks ]
male: 81.1%
[see also: Literacy - male country ranks ]
female: 74.9% (2015 est.)
[see also: Literacy - female country ranks ]

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):
total: 11 years
[see also: School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education) - total country ranks ]
male: 11 years
[see also: School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education) - male country ranks ]
female: 11 years (2009)


[see also: School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education) - female country ranks ]


NOTE: 1) The information regarding Kenya on this page is re-published from the 2018 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Kenya PEOPLE 2018 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Kenya PEOPLE 2018 should be addressed to the CIA.
2) The rank that you see is the CIA reported rank, which may habe the following issues:
  a) The assign increasing rank number, alphabetically for countries with the same value of the ranked item, whereas we assign them the same rank.
  b) The CIA sometimes assignes counterintuitive ranks. For example, it assigns unemployment rates in increasing order, whereas we rank them in decreasing order






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