Nethers Issues - 2023


Disputes - international

none identified

Refugees and internally displaced persons

refugees (country of origin): 53,496 (Syria), 19,204 (Eritrea), 7,106 (Turkey), 5,593 (Iran), 5,152 (Iraq) (mid-year 2022); 94,380 (Ukraine) (as of 26 May 2023)

stateless persons: 4,570 (2022)

Illicit drugs

a major transit hub for illicit substances, especially cocaine from South and Central America and methamphetamine from Mexico; homegrown synthetic drug makers and illegal chemical precursor manufacturers selling dangerous drugs, including synthetic opioids, via the internet to customers in the United States and worldwide


NOTE: The information regarding Nethers on this page is re-published from the 2023 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency and other sources. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Nethers 2023 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Nethers 2023 should be addressed to the CIA or the source cited on each page.

This page was last modified 10 Nov 23, Copyright © 2023 ITA all rights reserved.