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Puerto Rico Geography 2019

SOURCE: 2019 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Puerto Rico Geography 2019
SOURCE: 2019 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on February 08, 2019

Location:
Caribbean, island between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, east of the Dominican Republic

Geographic coordinates:
18 15 N, 66 30 W

Map references:
Central America and the Caribbean

Area:
total: 9,104 sq km
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 8,959 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 145 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 171

Area - comparative:
slightly less than three times the size of Rhode Island

Land boundaries:
0 km

Coastline:
501 km
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
territorial sea: 12 nm
[see also: Maritime claims - territorial sea country ranks ]
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
[see also: Maritime claims - exclusive economic zone country ranks ]

Climate:
tropical marine, mild; little seasonal temperature variation

Terrain:
mostly mountains with coastal plain in north; precipitous mountains to the sea on west coast; sandy beaches along most coastal areas

Elevation:
mean elevation: 261 m
[see also: Elevation - mean elevation country ranks ]
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Caribbean Sea
1338 highest point: Cerro de Punta

Natural resources:
some copper and nickel; potential for onshore and offshore oil

Land use:
agricultural land: 22% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - agricultural land country ranks ]
arable land: 6.6% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - arable land country ranks ]
permanent crops: 5.6% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - permanent crops country ranks ]
permanent pasture: 9.8% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - permanent pasture country ranks ]
forest: 63.2% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - forest country ranks ]
other: 14.8% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
220 sq km (2012)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Population distribution:
population clusters tend to be found along the coast, the largest of these is found in and around San Juan; an exception to this is a sizeable population located in the interior of the island immediately south of the capital around Caguas; most of the interior, particularly in the western half of the island, is dominated by the Cordillera Central mountains, where population density is low

Natural hazards:
periodic droughts; hurricanes

Environment - current issues:
soil erosion; occasional droughts cause water shortages; industrial pollution

Geography - note:
important location along the Mona Passage - a key shipping lane to the Panama Canal; San Juan is one of the biggest and best natural harbors in the Caribbean; many small rivers and high central mountains ensure land is well watered; south coast relatively dry; fertile coastal plain belt in north

NOTE: 1) The information regarding Puerto Rico on this page is re-published from the 2019 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Puerto Rico Geography 2019 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Puerto Rico Geography 2019 should be addressed to the CIA.
2) The rank that you see is the CIA reported rank, which may habe the following issues:
  a) They assign increasing rank number, alphabetically for countries with the same value of the ranked item, whereas we assign them the same rank.
  b) The CIA sometimes assignes counterintuitive ranks. For example, it assigns unemployment rates in increasing order, whereas we rank them in decreasing order






This page was last modified 08-Feb-19
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