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Seychelles PEOPLE 2019

SOURCE: 2019 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Seychelles PEOPLE 2019
SOURCE: 2019 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on February 08, 2019

Population:
94,633 (July 2018 est.)
country comparison to the world: 198
[see also: Population country ranks ]

Nationality:
noun: Seychellois (singular and plural)
adjective: Seychellois

Ethnic groups:
predominantly black; mixed French, African, Indian, Chinese, and Arab

Languages:
Seychellois Creole (official) 89.1%, English (official) 5.1%, French (official) 0.7%, other 3.8%, unspecified 1.4% (2010 est.)

Religions:
Roman Catholic 76.2%, Protestant 10.5% (Anglican 6.1%, Pentecostal Assembly 1.5%, Seventh Day Adventist 1.2%, other Protestant 1.7), other Christian 2.4%, Hindu 2.4%, Muslim 1.6%, other non-Christian 1.1%, unspecified 4.8%, none 0.9% (2010 est.)

Demographic profile:
Seychelles has no indigenous population and was first permanently settled by a small group of French planters, African slaves, and South Indians in 1770. Seychelles’ modern population is composed of the descendants of French and later British settlers, Africans, and Indian, Chinese, and Middle Eastern traders and is concentrated on three of its 155 islands – the vast majority on Mahe and lesser numbers on Praslin and La Digue. Seychelles’ population grew rapidly during the second half of the 20th century, largely due to natural increase, but the pace has slowed because of fertility decline. The total fertility rate dropped sharply from 4.0 children per woman in 1980 to 1.9 in 2015, mainly as a result of a family planning program, free education and health care, and increased female labor force participation. Life expectancy has increased steadily, but women on average live 9 years longer than men, a difference that is higher than that typical of developed countries.

The combination of reduced fertility and increased longevity has resulted in an aging population, which will put pressure on the government’s provision of pensions and health care. Seychelles’ sustained investment in social welfare services, such as free primary health care and education up to the post-secondary level, have enabled the country to achieve a high human development index score – among the highest in Africa. Despite some of its health and education indicators being nearly on par with Western countries, Seychelles has a high level of income inequality.

An increasing number of migrant workers – mainly young men – have been coming to Seychelles in recent years to work in the construction and tourism industries. As of 2011, foreign workers made up nearly a quarter of the workforce. Indians are the largest non-Seychellois population – representing half of the country’s foreigners – followed by Malagasy.

Age structure:
0-14 years: 19.52% (male 9,482 /female 8,989)
[see also: Age structure - 0-14 years country ranks ]
15-24 years: 12.96% (male 6,461 /female 5,806)
[see also: Age structure - 15-24 years country ranks ]
25-54 years: 49.29% (male 24,841 /female 21,800)
[see also: Age structure - 25-54 years country ranks ]
55-64 years: 10.44% (male 5,008 /female 4,870)
[see also: Age structure - 55-64 years country ranks ]
65 years and over: 7.79% (male 2,974 /female 4,402) (2018 est.)


[see also: Age structure - 65 years and over country ranks ]
population pyramid:population pyramid
This is the population pyramid for Seychelles. A population pyramid illustrates the age and sex structure of a country's population and may provide insights about political and social stability, as well as economic development. The population is distributed along the horizontal axis, with males shown on the left and females on the right. The male and female populations are broken down into 5-year age groups represented as horizontal bars along the vertical axis, with the youngest age groups at the bottom and the oldest at the top. The shape of the population pyramid gradually evolves over time based on fertility, mortality, and international migration trends.

For additional information, please see the entry for Population pyramid on the Definitions and Notes page under the References tab.

Dependency ratios:
total dependency ratio: 42.8 (2015 est.)
[see also: Dependency ratios - total dependency ratio country ranks ]
youth dependency ratio: 31 (2015 est.)
[see also: Dependency ratios - youth dependency ratio country ranks ]
elderly dependency ratio: 11.7 (2015 est.)
[see also: Dependency ratios - elderly dependency ratio country ranks ]
potential support ratio: 8.5 (2015 est.)
[see also: Dependency ratios - potential support ratio country ranks ]

Median age:
total: 35.8 years
[see also: Median age - total country ranks ]
male: 35.3 years
[see also: Median age - male country ranks ]
female: 36.5 years (2018 est.)
[see also: Median age - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 76

Population growth rate:
0.74% (2018 est.)
country comparison to the world: 136
[see also: Population growth rate country ranks ]

Birth rate:
13.4 births/1,000 population (2018 est.)
country comparison to the world: 142
[see also: Birth rate country ranks ]

Death rate:
7 deaths/1,000 population (2018 est.)
country comparison to the world: 130
[see also: Death rate country ranks ]

Net migration rate:
1 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 57
[see also: Net migration rate country ranks ]

Population distribution:
more than three-quarters of the population lives on the main island of Mahe; Praslin contains less than 10%; a smaller percent on La Digue and the outer islands

Urbanization:
urban population: 56.7% of total population (2018)
[see also: Urbanization - urban population country ranks ]
rate of urbanization: 1.26% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
[see also: Urbanization - rate of urbanization country ranks ]

Major urban areas - population:
28,000 VICTORIA (capital) (2018)

Sex ratio:
at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
[see also: Sex ratio - at birth country ranks ]
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
[see also: Sex ratio - 0-14 years country ranks ]
15-24 years: 1.1 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
[see also: Sex ratio - 15-24 years country ranks ]
25-54 years: 1.12 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
[see also: Sex ratio - 25-54 years country ranks ]
55-64 years: 1.06 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
[see also: Sex ratio - 55-64 years country ranks ]
65 years and over: 0.64 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
[see also: Sex ratio - 65 years and over country ranks ]
total population: 1.06 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
[see also: Sex ratio - total population country ranks ]

Infant mortality rate:
total: 9.7 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
[see also: Infant mortality rate - total country ranks ]
male: 12.1 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
[see also: Infant mortality rate - male country ranks ]
female: 7.2 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
[see also: Infant mortality rate - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 136

Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 75.2 years (2018 est.)
[see also: Life expectancy at birth - total population country ranks ]
male: 70.7 years (2018 est.)
[see also: Life expectancy at birth - male country ranks ]
female: 79.8 years (2018 est.)
[see also: Life expectancy at birth - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 111
[See also: Healthy Life Expectancy ]
[See also: Health Performance ]

Total fertility rate:
1.85 children born/woman (2018 est.)
country comparison to the world: 144
[see also: Total fertility rate country ranks ]

Health expenditures:
3.4% of GDP (2014)
country comparison to the world: 176
[see also: Health expenditures country ranks ]

Physicians density:
0.98 physicians/1,000 population (2012)
[see also: Physicians density country ranks ]

Hospital bed density:
3.6 beds/1,000 population (2011)
[see also: Hospital bed density country ranks ]

Drinking water source:
improved:
urban: 95.7% of population
[see also: Drinking water source - improved - urban country ranks ]
rural: 95.7% of population
[see also: Drinking water source - improved - rural country ranks ]
total: 95.7% of population
[see also: Drinking water source - improved - total country ranks ]
unimproved:

urban: 4.3% of population
[see also: Drinking water source - unimproved - urban country ranks ]
rural: 4.3% of population
[see also: Drinking water source - unimproved - rural country ranks ]
total: 4.3% of population (2015 est.)
[see also: Drinking water source - unimproved - total country ranks ]

Sanitation facility access:
improved:
urban: 98.4% of population (2015 est.)
[see also: Sanitation facility access - improved - urban country ranks ]
rural: 98.4% of population (2015 est.)
[see also: Sanitation facility access - improved - rural country ranks ]
total: 98.4% of population (2015 est.)
[see also: Sanitation facility access - improved - total country ranks ]
unimproved:

urban: 1.6% of population (2015 est.)
[see also: Sanitation facility access - unimproved - urban country ranks ]
rural: 1.6% of population (2015 est.)
[see also: Sanitation facility access - unimproved - rural country ranks ]
total: 1.6% of population (2015 est.)
[see also: Sanitation facility access - unimproved - total country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
NA
[see also: HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
NA
[see also: HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - deaths:
NA
[see also: HIV/AIDS - deaths country ranks ]

Obesity - adult prevalence rate:
14% (2016)
country comparison to the world: 130
[see also: Obesity - adult prevalence rate country ranks ]

Children under the age of 5 years underweight:
3.6% (2012)
country comparison to the world: 91
[see also: Children under the age of 5 years underweight country ranks ]

Education expenditures:
3.6% of GDP (2011)
country comparison to the world: 126
[see also: Education expenditures country ranks ]

Literacy:
definition: age 15 and over can read and write (2012 est.)
total population: 91.8% (2012 est.)
[see also: Literacy - total population country ranks ]
male: 91.4% (2012 est.)
[see also: Literacy - male country ranks ]
female: 92.3% (2012 est.)
[see also: Literacy - female country ranks ]

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):
total: 14 years (2015)
[see also: School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education) - total country ranks ]
male: 13 years (2015)
[see also: School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education) - male country ranks ]
female: 15 years (2015)
[see also: School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education) - female country ranks ]

Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
total: 14% (2015 est.)
[see also: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 - total country ranks ]
male: 12.1% (2015 est.)
[see also: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 - male country ranks ]
female: 16.2% (2015 est.)
[see also: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 94


NOTE: 1) The information regarding Seychelles on this page is re-published from the 2019 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Seychelles PEOPLE 2019 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Seychelles PEOPLE 2019 should be addressed to the CIA.
2) The rank that you see is the CIA reported rank, which may habe the following issues:
  a) They assign increasing rank number, alphabetically for countries with the same value of the ranked item, whereas we assign them the same rank.
  b) The CIA sometimes assignes counterintuitive ranks. For example, it assigns unemployment rates in increasing order, whereas we rank them in decreasing order






This page was last modified 08-Feb-19
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