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Sierra Leone Geography 2019

SOURCE: 2019 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Sierra Leone Geography 2019
SOURCE: 2019 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on February 08, 2019

Location:
Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Guinea and Liberia

Geographic coordinates:
8 30 N, 11 30 W

Map references:
Africa

Area:
total: 71,740 sq km
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 71,620 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 120 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 120

Area - comparative:
slightly smaller than South Carolina

Land boundaries:
total: 1,093 km
[see also: Land boundaries - total country ranks ]
border countries (2): Guinea 794 km, Liberia 299 km

Coastline:
402 km
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
territorial sea: 12 nm
[see also: Maritime claims - territorial sea country ranks ]
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
[see also: Maritime claims - exclusive economic zone country ranks ]
contiguous zone: 24 nm
[see also: Maritime claims - contiguous zone country ranks ]
continental shelf: 200 nm
[see also: Maritime claims - continental shelf country ranks ]

Climate:
tropical; hot, humid; summer rainy season (May to December); winter dry season (December to April)
More Climate Details

Terrain:
coastal belt of mangrove swamps, wooded hill country, upland plateau, mountains in east

Elevation:
mean elevation: 279 m
[see also: Elevation - mean elevation country ranks ]
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Atlantic Ocean
1948 highest point: Loma Mansa (Bintimani)

Natural resources:
diamonds, titanium ore, bauxite, iron ore, gold, chromite

Land use:
agricultural land: 56.2% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - agricultural land country ranks ]
arable land: 23.4% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - arable land country ranks ]
permanent crops: 2.3% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - permanent crops country ranks ]
permanent pasture: 30.5% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - permanent pasture country ranks ]
forest: 37.5% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - forest country ranks ]
other: 6.3% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
300 sq km (2012)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Population distribution:
population clusters are found in the lower elevations of the south and west; the northern third of the country is less populated

Natural hazards:
dry, sand-laden harmattan winds blow from the Sahara (December to February); sandstorms, dust storms

Environment - current issues:
rapid population growth pressuring the environment; overharvesting of timber, expansion of cattle grazing, and slash-and-burn agriculture have resulted in deforestation, soil exhaustion, and flooding; loss of biodiversity; air pollution; water pollution; overfishing

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: Environmental Modification

Geography - note:
rainfall along the coast can reach 495 cm (195 inches) a year, making it one of the wettest places along coastal, western Africa


NOTE: 1) The information regarding Sierra Leone on this page is re-published from the 2019 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Sierra Leone Geography 2019 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Sierra Leone Geography 2019 should be addressed to the CIA.
2) The rank that you see is the CIA reported rank, which may habe the following issues:
  a) They assign increasing rank number, alphabetically for countries with the same value of the ranked item, whereas we assign them the same rank.
  b) The CIA sometimes assignes counterintuitive ranks. For example, it assigns unemployment rates in increasing order, whereas we rank them in decreasing order






This page was last modified 08-Feb-19
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