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Solomon Islands Geography 2019

SOURCE: 2019 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Solomon Islands Geography 2019
SOURCE: 2019 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on February 08, 2019

Location:
Oceania, group of islands in the South Pacific Ocean, east of Papua New Guinea

Geographic coordinates:
8 00 S, 159 00 E

Map references:
Oceania

Area:
total: 28,896 sq km
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 27,986 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 910 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 144

Area - comparative:
slightly smaller than Maryland

Land boundaries:
0 km

Coastline:
5,313 km
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
territorial sea: 12 nm
[see also: Maritime claims - territorial sea country ranks ]
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
[see also: Maritime claims - exclusive economic zone country ranks ]
continental shelf: 200 nm
measured from claimed archipelagic baselines

Climate:
tropical monsoon; few temperature and weather extremes

Terrain:
mostly rugged mountains with some low coral atolls

Elevation:
0 m lowest point: Pacific Ocean
2335 highest point: Mount Popomanaseu

Natural resources:
fish, forests, gold, bauxite, phosphates, lead, zinc, nickel

Land use:
agricultural land: 3.9% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - agricultural land country ranks ]
arable land: 0.7% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - arable land country ranks ]
permanent crops: 2.9% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - permanent crops country ranks ]
permanent pasture: 0.3% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - permanent pasture country ranks ]
forest: 78.9% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - forest country ranks ]
other: 17.2% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
0 sq km NA (2012)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Population distribution:
most of the population lives along the coastal regions; about one in five live in urban areas, and of these some two-thirds reside in Honiara, the largest town and chief port

Natural hazards:
tropical cyclones, but rarely destructive; geologically active region with frequent earthquakes, tremors, and volcanic activity; tsunamis

volcanism: Tinakula (851 m) has frequent eruption activity, while an eruption of Savo (485 m) could affect the capital Honiara on nearby Guadalcanal

Environment - current issues:
deforestation; soil erosion; many of the surrounding coral reefs are dead or dying; effects of climate change and rising sea levels

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Environmental Modification, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Geography - note:
strategic location on sea routes between the South Pacific Ocean, the Solomon Sea, and the Coral Sea


NOTE: 1) The information regarding Solomon Islands on this page is re-published from the 2019 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Solomon Islands Geography 2019 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Solomon Islands Geography 2019 should be addressed to the CIA.
2) The rank that you see is the CIA reported rank, which may habe the following issues:
  a) They assign increasing rank number, alphabetically for countries with the same value of the ranked item, whereas we assign them the same rank.
  b) The CIA sometimes assignes counterintuitive ranks. For example, it assigns unemployment rates in increasing order, whereas we rank them in decreasing order






This page was last modified 08-Feb-19
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