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South Georgia and South Sandwich Islands Geography 2010
https://theodora.com/wfbcurrent/south_georgia_and_the_south_sandwich_islands/south_georgia_and_the_south_sandwich_islands_geography.html
SOURCE: 2010 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES
 
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Page last updated on October 28, 2009

Location:
Southern South America, islands in the South Atlantic Ocean, east of the tip of South America

Geographic coordinates:
54 30 S, 37 00 W

Map references:
South America

Area:
total: 3,903 sq km
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 3,903 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 0 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]
note: includes Shag Rocks, Black Rock, Clerke Rocks, South Georgia Island, Bird Island, and the South Sandwich Islands, which consist of 11 islands

Area - comparative:
slightly larger than Rhode Island

Land boundaries:
0 km

Coastline:
NA
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm

Climate:
variable, with mostly westerly winds throughout the year interspersed with periods of calm; nearly all precipitation falls as snow

Terrain:
most of the islands, rising steeply from the sea, are rugged and mountainous; South Georgia is largely barren and has steep, glacier-covered mountains; the South Sandwich Islands are of volcanic origin with some active volcanoes

Elevation extremes:
lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
[see also: Elevation extremes - lowest point country ranks ]
highest point: Mount Paget (South Georgia) 2,934 m
[see also: Elevation extremes - highest point country ranks ]

Natural resources:
fish

Land use:
arable land: 0%
[see also: Land use - arable land country ranks ]
permanent crops: 0%
[see also: Land use - permanent crops country ranks ]
other: 100% (largely covered by permanent ice and snow with some sparse vegetation consisting of grass, moss, and lichen) (2005)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
0 sq km
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Natural hazards:
the South Sandwich Islands have prevailing weather conditions that generally make them difficult to approach by ship; they are also subject to active volcanism

Environment - current issues:
NA

Geography - note:
the north coast of South Georgia has several large bays, which provide good anchorage; reindeer, introduced early in the 20th century, live on South Georgia


NOTE: The information regarding South Georgia and South Sandwich Islands on this page is re-published from the 2010 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of South Georgia and South Sandwich Islands Geography 2010 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about South Georgia and South Sandwich Islands Geography 2010 should be addressed to the CIA.



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This page was last modified 08-Feb-10
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