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    Azerbaijan Geography - 2003
    http://www.theodora.com/wfb2003/azerbaijan/azerbaijan_geography.html
    SOURCE: 2003 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Location: Southwestern Asia, bordering the Caspian Sea, between Iran and Russia, with a small European portion north of the Caucasus range


      Geographic coordinates: 40 30 N, 47 30 E


      Map references: Asia


      Area: total: 86,600 sq km
      note: includes the exclave of Naxcivan Autonomous Republic and the Nagorno-Karabakh region; the region's autonomy was abolished by Azerbaijani Supreme Soviet on 26 November 1991
      water: 500 sq km
      land: 86,100 sq km


      Area - comparative: slightly smaller than Maine


      Land boundaries: total: 2,013 km
      border countries: Armenia (with Azerbaijan-proper) 566 km, Armenia (with Azerbaijan-Naxcivan exclave) 221 km, Georgia 322 km, Iran (with Azerbaijan-proper) 432 km, Iran (with Azerbaijan-Naxcivan exclave) 179 km, Russia 284 km, Turkey 9 km


      Coastline: 0 km (landlocked); note - Azerbaijan borders the Caspian Sea (800 km, est.)


      Maritime claims: none (landlocked)


      Climate: dry, semiarid steppe


      Terrain: large, flat Kur-Araz Ovaligi (Kura-Araks Lowland) (much of it below sea level) with Great Caucasus Mountains to the north, Qarabag Yaylasi (Karabakh Upland) in west; Baku lies on Abseron Yasaqligi (Apsheron Peninsula) that juts into Caspian Sea


      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Caspian Sea -28 m
      highest point: Bazarduzu Dagi 4,485 m


      Natural resources: petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, nonferrous metals, alumina


      Land use: arable land: 19.31%
      permanent crops: 3.04%
      other: 77.65% (1998 est.)


      Irrigated land: 14,550 sq km (1998 est.)


      Natural hazards: droughts


      Environment - current issues: local scientists consider the Abseron Yasaqligi (Apsheron Peninsula) (including Baku and Sumqayit) and the Caspian Sea to be the ecologically most devastated area in the world because of severe air, soil, and water pollution; soil pollution results from oil spills, from the use of DDT as a pesticide, and from toxic defoliants used in the production of cotton


      Environment - international agreements: party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements


      Geography - note: both the main area of the country and the Naxcivan exclave are landlocked


      NOTE: The information regarding Azerbaijan on this page is re-published from the 2003 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Guinea Geography 2003 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Azerbaijan Geography 2003 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    http://www.theodora.com/wfb2003/azerbaijan/azerbaijan_geography.html

    Revised 20-Sep-03
    Copyright © 2003 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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