Argentina PEOPLE 2016

Argentina PEOPLE 2016

Page last updated on June 23, 2014

noun: Argentine(s)
adjective: Argentine

Ethnic groups:
white (mostly Spanish and Italian) 97%, mestizo (mixed white and Amerindian ancestry), Amerindian, or other non-white groups 3%

Spanish (official), Italian, English, German, French, indigenous (Mapudungun, Quechua)

nominally Roman Catholic 92% (less than 20% practicing), Protestant 2%, Jewish 2%, other 4%

Demographic profile:
Argentina's population continues to grow but at a slower rate because of its steadily declining birth rate. Argentina's fertility decline began earlier than in the rest of Latin America, occurring most rapidly between the early 20th century and the 1950s and then becoming more gradual. Life expectancy has been improving, most notably among the young and the poor. While the population under age 15 is shrinking, the youth cohort - ages 15-24 - is the largest in Argentina's history and will continue to bolster the working-age population. If this large working-age population is well-educated and gainfully employed, Argentina is likely to experience an economic boost and possibly higher per capita savings and investment. Although literacy and primary school enrollment are nearly universal, grade repetition is problematic and secondary school completion is low. Both of these issues vary widely by region and socioeconomic group.

Argentina has been primarily a country of immigration for most of its history, welcoming European immigrants after its independence in the 19th century and attracting especially large numbers from Spain and Italy. European immigration diminished in the 1950s, when Argentina's military dictatorships tightened immigration rules and European economies rebounded. Regional migration, however, continued to supply low-skilled workers and today it accounts for three-quarters of Argentina's immigrant population. The first waves of highly skilled Argentine emigrant workers headed mainly to the United States and Spain in the 1960s and 1970s. The ongoing European economic crisis is driving the return migration of some Argentinean and other Latin American nationals, as well as the immigration of Europeans to South America, where Argentina is a key recipient.

43,024,374 (July 2014 est.)
country comparison to the world: 33
[see also: Population country ranks ]

Age structure:
0-14 years: 24.9% (male 5,486,989/female 5,233,968)
15-24 years: 15.7% (male 3,445,086/female 3,301,168)
25-54 years: 38.9% (male 8,345,893/female 8,391,445)
55-64 years: 9.1% (male 1,895,965/female 2,017,330)
65 years and over: 11.4% (male 2,036,545/female 2,869,985) (2014 est.)
population pyramid: population pyramid

Dependency ratios:
total dependency ratio: 54.1 %
youth dependency ratio: 37 %
elderly dependency ratio: 17.1 %
potential support ratio: 5.9 (2014 est.)

Median age:
total: 31.2 years
male: 30.1 years
female: 32.3 years (2014 est.)

Population growth rate:
0.95% (2014 est.)
country comparison to the world: 123
[see also: Population growth rate country ranks ]

Birth rate:
16.88 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
country comparison to the world: 113
[see also: Birth rate country ranks ]

Death rate:
7.34 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)
country comparison to the world: 119
[see also: Death rate country ranks ]

Net migration rate:
0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)
country comparison to the world: 95
[see also: Net migration rate country ranks ]

urban population: 92.5% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 1.01% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Major urban areas - population:
BUENOS AIRES (capital) 13.528 million; Cordoba 1.556 million; Rosario 1.283 million; Mendoza 957,000; San Miguel de Tucuman 868,000; La Plata 759,000 (2011)

Sex ratio:
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.97 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.7 male(s)/female
total population: 0.97 male(s)/female (2014 est.)

Maternal mortality rate:
77 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
country comparison to the world: 84
[see also: Maternal mortality rate country ranks ]

Infant mortality rate:
total: 9.96 deaths/1,000 live births
country comparison to the world: 141
male: 11.15 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 8.71 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)

Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 77.51 years
country comparison to the world: 66
male: 74.28 years
female: 80.91 years (2014 est.)

Total fertility rate:
2.25 children born/woman (2014 est.)
country comparison to the world: 97
[see also: Total fertility rate country ranks ]

Contraceptive prevalence rate:
78.9% (2004/05)
[see also: Contraceptive prevalence rate country ranks ]

Health expenditures:
8.1% of GDP (2011)
country comparison to the world: 60
[see also: Health expenditures country ranks ]

Physicians density:
3.16 physicians/1,000 population (2004)
[see also: Physicians density country ranks ]

Hospital bed density:
4.5 beds/1,000 population (2011)
[see also: Hospital bed density country ranks ]

Drinking water source:

urban: 99% of population
rural: 95.3% of population
total: 98.7% of population
urban: 1% of population
rural: 4.7% of population
total: 1.3% of population (2012 est.)

Sanitation facility access:

urban: 97.1% of population
rural: 99.4% of population
total: 97.2% of population
urban: 2.9% of population
rural: 0.6% of population
total: 2.8% of population (2012 est.)

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
0.4% (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 75
[see also: HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
97,900 (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 45
[see also: HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - deaths:
3,700 (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 47
[see also: HIV/AIDS - deaths country ranks ]

Obesity - adult prevalence rate:
29.7% (2008)
country comparison to the world: 29
[see also: Obesity - adult prevalence rate country ranks ]

Children under the age of 5 years underweight:
2.3% (2005)
country comparison to the world: 117
[see also: Children under the age of 5 years underweight country ranks ]

Education expenditures:
6.3% of GDP (2011)
country comparison to the world: 32
[see also: Education expenditures - percent of GDP country ranks ]

definition: age 10 and over can read and write
total population: 97.9%
male: 97.8%
female: 97.9% (2011 est.)

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):
total: 17 years
male: 16 years
female: 18 years (2011)

Child labor - children ages 5-14:
total number: 435,252
percentage: 7 %
note: data represents children ages 5-13 (2003 est.)

Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
total: 18.3%
country comparison to the world: 68
male: 15.3%
female: 23.1% (2011)

NOTE: The information regarding Argentina on this page is re-published from the 2016 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Argentina PEOPLE 2016 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Argentina PEOPLE 2016 should be addressed to the CIA.

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This page was last modified 04-Feb-16
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