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European Union Geography 2017
http://www.theodora.com/wfbcurrent/european_union/european_union_geography.html
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











European Union Geography 2017
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on January 12, 2017

Location:
Europe between the North Atlantic Ocean in the west and Russia, Belarus, and Ukraine to the east

Map references:
Europe

Area:
total: 4,324,782 sq km
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]

Area - comparative:
less than one-half the size of the US

Land boundaries:
total: 13,271 km
border countries (17): Albania 212 km, Andorra 118 km, Belarus 1,176 km, Bosnia and Herzegovina 956 km, Holy See 3 km, Liechtenstein 34 km, Macedonia 396 km, Moldova 683 km, Monaco 6 km, Montenegro 19 km, Norway 2,375 km, Russia 2,435 km, San Marino 37 km, Serbia 1,353 km, Switzerland 1,729 km, Turkey 415 km, Ukraine 1,324 km
note: data for European continent only
[see also: Land boundaries country ranks ]

Coastline:
65,992.9 km
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Climate:
cold temperate; potentially subarctic in the north to temperate; mild wet winters; hot dry summers in the south

Terrain:
fairly flat along Baltic and Atlantic coasts; mountainous in the central and southern areas

Elevation:
mean elevation: about 300 m
[see also: Mean Elevation country ranks ]
elevation extremes: lowest point: Lammefjord, Denmark -7 m; Zuidplaspolder, Netherlands -7 m highest point: Mont Blanc 4,807 m

Natural resources:
iron ore, natural gas, petroleum, coal, copper, lead, zinc, bauxite, uranium, potash, salt, hydropower, arable land, timber, fish

Irrigated land:
154,539.82 sq km (2011 est.)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Population - distribution:
population distribution varies considerably from country to country, but tends to follow a pattern of coastal and river settlement, with urban agglomerations forming large hubs facilitating large scale housing, industry, and commerce

Natural hazards:
flooding along coasts; avalanches in mountainous area; earthquakes in the south; volcanic eruptions in Italy; periodic droughts in Spain; ice floes in the Baltic

Environment - current issues:
various forms of air, soil, and water pollution; see individual country entries

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Air Pollution-Sulphur 94, Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94
signed but not ratified: Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds

NOTE: The information regarding European Union on this page is re-published from the 2017 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of European Union Geography 2017 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about European Union Geography 2017 should be addressed to the CIA.




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