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Denmark Geography 1996

    • Location:
      Northern Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea and the North Sea, on a peninsula north of Germany

    • Map references:

    • Area:

        total area:
        43,070 sq km

        land area:
        42,370 sq km

        comparative area:
        slightly more than twice the size of Massachusetts

        includes the island of Bornholm in the Baltic Sea and the rest of metropolitan Denmark, but excludes the Faroe Islands and Greenland

    • Land boundaries:
      total 68 km, Germany 68 km

    • Coastline:
      3,379 km

    • Maritime claims:

        contiguous zone:
        4 nm

        continental shelf:
        200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation

        exclusive fishing zone:
        200 nm

        territorial sea:
        3 nm

    • International disputes:
      Rockall continental shelf dispute involving Iceland, Ireland, and the UK (Ireland and the UK have signed a boundary agreement in the Rockall area)

    • Climate:
      temperate; humid and overcast; mild, windy winters and cool summers

    • Terrain:
      low and flat to gently rolling plains

    • Natural resources:
      petroleum, natural gas, fish, salt, limestone

    • Land use:

        arable land:

        permanent crops:

        meadows and pastures:

        forest and woodland:


    • Irrigated land:
      4,300 sq km (1989 est.)

    • Environment:

        current issues:
        air pollution, principally from vehicle emissions; nitrogen and phosphorus pollution of the North Sea; drinking and surface water becoming polluted from animal wastes

        natural hazards:
        flooding is a threat in some areas of the country (e.g., parts of Jutland, along the southern coast of the island of Lolland) that are protected from the sea by a system of dikes

        international agreements:
        party to - Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Sulphur 85, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Wetlands, Whaling; signed, but not ratified - Air Pollution-Sulphur 94, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Desertification, Law of the Sea

    • Note:
      controls Danish Straits linking Baltic and North Seas; about one-quarter of the population lives in Copenhagen

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