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Paraguay Geography 1996

    • Location:
      Central South America, northeast of Argentina

    • Map references:
      South America

    • Area:

        total area:
        406,750 sq km

        land area:
        397,300 sq km

        comparative area:
        slightly smaller than California

    • Land boundaries:
      total 3,920 km, Argentina 1,880 km, Bolivia 750 km, Brazil 1,290 km

    • Coastline:
      0 km (landlocked)

    • Maritime claims:
      none; landlocked

    • International disputes:
      short section of the boundary with Brazil, just west of Salto del Guaira (Guaira Falls) on the Rio Parana, has not been determined

    • Climate:
      varies from temperate in east to semiarid in far west

    • Terrain:
      grassy plains and wooded hills east of Rio Paraguay; Gran Chaco region west of Rio Paraguay mostly low, marshy plain near the river, and dry forest and thorny scrub elsewhere

    • Natural resources:
      hydropower, timber, iron ore, manganese, limestone

    • Land use:

        arable land:

        permanent crops:

        meadows and pastures:

        forest and woodland:


    • Irrigated land:
      670 sq km (1989 est.)

    • Environment:

        current issues:
        deforestation (an estimated 2 million hectares of forest land have been lost from 1958-1985); water pollution; inadequate means for waste disposal present health risks for many urban residents

        natural hazards:
        local flooding in southeast (early September to June); poorly drained plains may become boggy (early October to June)

        international agreements:
        party to - Biodiversity, Climate Change, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection; signed, but not ratified - Nuclear Test Ban

    • Note:
      landlocked; buffer between Argentina and Brazil

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