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    Malawi Economy - 2003
    https://theodora.com/wfb2003/malawi/malawi_economy.html
    SOURCE: 2003 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Economy - overview: Landlocked Malawi ranks among the world's least developed countries. The economy is predominately agricultural, with about 90% of the population living in rural areas. Agriculture accounted for nearly 40% of GDP and 88% of export revenues in 2001. The economy depends on substantial inflows of economic assistance from the IMF, the World Bank, and individual donor nations. In late 2000, Malawi was approved for relief under the Heavily Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) program. In November 2002 the World Bank approved a $50 million drought recovery package, which is to be used for famine relief. The government faces strong challenges, e.g., to fully develop a market economy, to improve educational facilities, to face up to environmental problems, to deal with the rapidly growing problem of HIV/AIDS, and to satisfy foreign donors that fiscal discipline is being tightened. The performance of the tobacco sector is key to short-term growth as tobacco accounts for over 50% of exports.


      GDP: purchasing power parity - $7.2 billion (2002 est.)


      GDP - real growth rate: 1.2% (2002 est.)


      GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $670 (2002 est.)


      GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 37%
      industry: 16%
      services: 47% (2001 est.)


      Population below poverty line: 54% (FY90 est.)


      Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: NA%
      highest 10%: NA%


      Inflation rate (consumer prices): 27.4% (2001 est.)


      Labor force: 4.5 million (2001 est.)


      Labor force - by occupation: agriculture 86% (1997 est.)


      Unemployment rate: NA%


      Budget: revenues: $490 million
      expenditures: $523 million, including capital expenditures of $NA (FY99 est.)


      Industries: tobacco, tea, sugar, sawmill products, cement, consumer goods


      Industrial production growth rate: -0.8% (2002 est.)


      Electricity - production: 769.2 million kWh (2001)


      Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: 3.3%
      hydro: 96.7%
      other: 0% (2001)
      nuclear: 0%


      Electricity - consumption: 715.3 million kWh (2001)


      Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2001)


      Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2001)


      Oil - production: 0 bbl/day (2001 est.)


      Oil - consumption: 5,400 bbl/day (2001 est.)


      Oil - exports: NA (2001)


      Oil - imports: NA (2001)


      Agriculture - products: tobacco, sugarcane, cotton, tea, corn, potatoes, cassava (tapioca), sorghum, pulses; groundnuts, Macadamia nuts; cattle, goats


      Exports: $435 million f.o.b. (2001)


      Exports - commodities: tobacco 60%, tea, sugar, cotton, coffee, peanuts, wood products, apparel


      Exports - partners: US 17%, Germany 13%, South Africa 8%, Japan 7.5%, UK 6%, Netherlands 5% (2001)


      Imports: $505 million f.o.b. (2001)


      Imports - commodities: food, petroleum products, semimanufactures, consumer goods, transportation equipment


      Imports - partners: South Africa 48%, UK 13.5%, India 4%, Zambia 2.5% (2001)


      Debt - external: $2.9 billion (2002)


      Economic aid - recipient: $540 million (1999)


      Currency: Malawian kwacha (MWK)


      Currency code: MWK


      Exchange rates: Malawian kwachas per US dollar - 76.6866 (2002), 72.1973 (2001), 59.5438 (2000), 44.0881 (1999), 31.0727 (1998)


      Fiscal year: 1 July - 30 June


      NOTE: The information regarding Malawi on this page is re-published from the 2003 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Guinea Geography 2003 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Malawi Economy 2003 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    https://theodora.com/wfb2003/malawi/malawi_economy.html

    Revised 20-Sep-03
    Copyright © 2003 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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