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    Papua New Guinea Geography - 2003

      Location: Oceania, group of islands including the eastern half of the island of New Guinea between the Coral Sea and the South Pacific Ocean, east of Indonesia

      Geographic coordinates: 6 00 S, 147 00 E

      Map references: Oceania

      Area: total: 462,840 sq km
      land: 452,860 sq km
      water: 9,980 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly larger than California

      Land boundaries: total: 820 km
      border countries: Indonesia 820 km

      Coastline: 5,152 km

      Maritime claims: measured from claimed archipelagic baselines
      territorial sea: 12 NM
      continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
      exclusive fishing zone: 200 NM

      Climate: tropical; northwest monsoon (December to March), southeast monsoon (May to October); slight seasonal temperature variation

      Terrain: mostly mountains with coastal lowlands and rolling foothills

      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Mount Wilhelm 4,509 m

      Natural resources: gold, copper, silver, natural gas, timber, oil, fisheries

      Land use: arable land: 0.13%
      permanent crops: 1.35%
      other: 98.52% (1998 est.)

      Irrigated land: NA sq km

      Natural hazards: active volcanism; situated along the Pacific "Ring of Fire"; the country is subject to frequent and sometimes severe earthquakes; mud slides; tsunamis

      Environment - current issues: rain forest subject to deforestation as a result of growing commercial demand for tropical timber; pollution from mining projects; severe drought

      Environment - international agreements: party to: Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol

      Geography - note: shares island of New Guinea with Indonesia; one of world's largest swamps along southwest coast

      NOTE: The information regarding Papua New Guinea on this page is re-published from the 2003 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Guinea Geography 2003 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Papua New Guinea Geography 2003 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 20-Sep-03
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