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    Senegal Geography - 2003

      Location: Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Guinea-Bissau and Mauritania

      Geographic coordinates: 14 00 N, 14 00 W

      Map references: Africa

      Area: total: 196,190 sq km
      land: 192,000 sq km
      water: 4,190 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly smaller than South Dakota

      Land boundaries: total: 2,640 km
      border countries: The Gambia 740 km, Guinea 330 km, Guinea-Bissau 338 km, Mali 419 km, Mauritania 813 km

      Coastline: 531 km

      Maritime claims: contiguous zone: 24 NM
      territorial sea: 12 NM
      continental shelf: 200 NM or to the edge of the continental margin
      exclusive economic zone: 200 NM

      Climate: tropical; hot, humid; rainy season (May to November) has strong southeast winds; dry season (December to April) dominated by hot, dry, harmattan wind

      Terrain: generally low, rolling, plains rising to foothills in southeast

      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
      highest point: unnamed feature near Nepen Diakha 581 m

      Natural resources: fish, phosphates, iron ore

      Land use: arable land: 11.58%
      permanent crops: 0.19%
      other: 88.23% (1998 est.)

      Irrigated land: 710 sq km (1998 est.)

      Natural hazards: lowlands seasonally flooded; periodic droughts

      Environment - current issues: wildlife populations threatened by poaching; deforestation; overgrazing; soil erosion; desertification; overfishing

      Environment - international agreements: party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Life Conservation, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands, Whaling
      signed, but not ratified: Marine Dumping

      Geography - note: westernmost country on the African continent; The Gambia is almost an enclave of Senegal

      NOTE: The information regarding Senegal on this page is re-published from the 2003 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Guinea Geography 2003 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Senegal Geography 2003 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 20-Sep-03
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