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    Sweden Economy - 2003
    https://theodora.com/wfb2003/sweden/sweden_economy.html
    SOURCE: 2003 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Economy - overview: Aided by peace and neutrality for the whole 20th century, Sweden has achieved an enviable standard of living under a mixed system of high-tech capitalism and extensive welfare benefits. It has a modern distribution system, excellent internal and external communications, and a skilled labor force. Timber, hydropower, and iron ore constitute the resource base of an economy heavily oriented toward foreign trade. Privately owned firms account for about 90% of industrial output, of which the engineering sector accounts for 50% of output and exports. Agriculture accounts for only 2% of GDP and 2% of the jobs. The government's commitment to fiscal discipline resulted in a substantial budgetary surplus in 2001, which was cut by more than half in 2002, due to the global economic slowdown, revenue declines, and spending increases. The Swedish central bank (the Riksbank) is focusing on price stability with its inflation target of 2%. Growth should pick up to 2.3% in 2003, assuming a moderate global recovery.


      GDP: purchasing power parity - $227.4 billion (2002 est.)


      GDP - real growth rate: 1.8% (2002 est.)


      GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $25,400 (2002 est.)


      GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 2%
      industry: 29%
      services: 69% (2001)


      Population below poverty line: NA%


      Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: 3.7%
      highest 10%: 20.1% (1992)


      Distribution of family income - Gini index: 25 (1992)


      Inflation rate (consumer prices): 2.2% (2002 est.)


      Labor force: 4.4 million (2000 est.)


      Labor force - by occupation: agriculture 2%, industry 24%, services 74% (2000 est.)


      Unemployment rate: 4% (2002 est.)


      Budget: revenues: $119 billion
      expenditures: $110 billion, including capital expenditures of $NA (2001 est.)


      Industries: iron and steel, precision equipment (bearings, radio and telephone parts, armaments), wood pulp and paper products, processed foods, motor vehicles


      Industrial production growth rate: 0.9% (2002 est.)


      Electricity - production: 152.9 billion kWh (2001)


      Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: 4%
      hydro: 50.8%
      other: 2.2% (2001)
      nuclear: 43%


      Electricity - consumption: 134.9 billion kWh (2001)


      Electricity - exports: 18.45 billion kWh (2001)


      Electricity - imports: 11.14 billion kWh (2001)


      Oil - production: 0 bbl/day (2001 est.)


      Oil - consumption: 328,600 bbl/day (2001 est.)


      Oil - exports: 203,700 bbl/day (2001)


      Oil - imports: 553,100 bbl/day (2001)


      Agriculture - products: barley, wheat, sugar beets; meat, milk


      Exports: $80.6 billion f.o.b. (2002 est.)


      Exports - commodities: machinery 35%, motor vehicles, paper products, pulp and wood, iron and steel products, chemicals


      Exports - partners: EU 54.6% (Germany 10.6%, UK 8.8%, Denmark 6.1%, Finland 5.7%), US 10.5%, Norway 8.6% (2001)


      Imports: $68.6 billion f.o.b. (2002 est.)


      Imports - commodities: machinery, petroleum and petroleum products, chemicals, motor vehicles, iron and steel; foodstuffs, clothing


      Imports - partners: EU 66.3% (Germany 17.8%, UK 8.7%, Denmark 8.2%, Netherlands 6.9%, France 6.5%), Norway 8.5%, US 6.7% (2001)


      Debt - external: $66.5 billion (1994)


      Economic aid - donor: ODA, $1.7 billion (1997)


      Currency: Swedish krona (SEK)


      Currency code: SEK


      Exchange rates: Swedish kronor per US dollar - 9.7371 (2002), 10.3291 (2001), 9.1622 (2000), 8.2624 (1999), 7.9499 (1998)


      Fiscal year: calendar year


      NOTE: The information regarding Sweden on this page is re-published from the 2003 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Guinea Geography 2003 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Sweden Economy 2003 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    https://theodora.com/wfb2003/sweden/sweden_economy.html

    Revised 20-Sep-03
    Copyright © 2003 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


    sweden_economy_2003