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    Tunisia Economy - 2003
    https://theodora.com/wfb2003/tunisia/tunisia_economy.html
    SOURCE: 2003 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Economy - overview: Tunisia has a diverse economy, with important agricultural, mining, energy, tourism, and manufacturing sectors. Governmental control of economic affairs while still heavy has gradually lessened over the past decade with increasing privatization, simplification of the tax structure, and a prudent approach to debt. Real growth averaged 5.4% in 1997-2001 but slowed to 1.9% in 2002 because of agricultural drought, slow investment, and lackluster tourism. Increased rainfall portends higher growth levels for 2003, but continued regional tension from the war in Iraq will most likely continue to suppress tourism earnings. Tunisia has agreed to gradually remove barriers to trade with the European Union over the next decade. Broader privatization, further liberalization of the investment code to increase foreign investment, improvements in government efficiency, and reduction of the trade deficit are among the challenges for the future.


      GDP: purchasing power parity - $63 billion (2002 est.)


      GDP - real growth rate: 1.9% (2002 est.)


      GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $6,500 (2002 est.)


      GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 12%
      industry: 32%
      services: 56% (2003 est.)


      Population below poverty line: 6% (2000 est.)


      Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: 2.3%
      highest 10%: 31.8% (1995)


      Distribution of family income - Gini index: 41.7 (1995)


      Inflation rate (consumer prices): 2.5% (2002 est.)


      Labor force: 2.69 million
      note: shortage of skilled labor (2001 est.)


      Labor force - by occupation: services 55%, industry 23%, agriculture 22% (1995 est.)


      Unemployment rate: 15.4% (2002 est.)


      Budget: revenues: $5.2 billion
      expenditures: $5.7 billion, including capital expenditures of $1.6 billion (2002 est.)


      Industries: petroleum, mining (particularly phosphate and iron ore), tourism, textiles, footwear, agribusiness, beverages


      Industrial production growth rate: 3.5% (2002 est.)


      Electricity - production: 10.48 billion kWh (2001)


      Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: 99.5%
      hydro: 0.5%
      other: 0% (2001)
      nuclear: 0%


      Electricity - consumption: 9.748 billion kWh (2001)


      Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2001)


      Electricity - imports: 1 million kWh (2001)


      Oil - production: 72,580 bbl/day (2001 est.)


      Oil - consumption: 87,000 bbl/day (2001 est.)


      Oil - exports: NA (2001)


      Oil - imports: NA (2001)


      Oil - proved reserves: 417 million bbl (January 2002 est.)


      Natural gas - proved reserves: 77.16 billion cu m (January 2002 est.)


      Agriculture - products: olives, olive oil, grain, dairy products, tomatoes, citrus fruit, beef, sugar beets, dates, almonds


      Exports: $6.8 billion f.o.b. (2002 est.)


      Exports - commodities: textiles, mechanical goods, phosphates and chemicals, agricultural products, hydrocarbons


      Exports - partners: France 28.8%, Italy 22.5%, Germany 12.5%, Spain 5.0%, Belgium, Libya (2001)


      Imports: $8.7 billion f.o.b. (2002 est.)


      Imports - commodities: textiles, machinery and equipment, hydrocarbons, chemicals, food


      Imports - partners: France 28.0%, Italy 19.8%, Germany 10.4%, Spain 4.6%, Belgium (2001)


      Debt - external: $13.6 billion (2003 est.)


      Economic aid - recipient: $222.7 million (2000)


      Currency: Tunisian dinar (TND)


      Currency code: TND


      Exchange rates: Tunisian dinars per US dollar - 1.4217 (2002), 1.4387 (2001), 1.3707 (2000), 1.1862 (1999), 1.1387 (1998)


      Fiscal year: calendar year


      NOTE: The information regarding Tunisia on this page is re-published from the 2003 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Guinea Geography 2003 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Tunisia Economy 2003 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    https://theodora.com/wfb2003/tunisia/tunisia_economy.html

    Revised 20-Sep-03
    Copyright © 2003 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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