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    Burma Index 2006

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    Burma Government - 2006
    https://theodora.com/wfbcurrent/burma/burma_government.html
    SOURCE: 2006 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Country name:
      conventional long form: Union of Burma
      conventional short form: Burma
      local long form: Pyidaungzu Myanma Naingngandaw (translated by the US Government as Union of Myanma and by the Burmese as Union of Myanmar)
      local short form: Myanma Naingngandaw
      former: Socialist Republic of the Union of Burma
      note: since 1989 the military authorities in Burma have promoted the name Myanmar as a conventional name for their state; this decision was not approved by any sitting legislature in Burma, and the US Government did not adopt the name, which is a derivative of the Burmese short-form name Myanma Naingngandaw

      Government type:
      military junta

      Capital:
      Rangoon (government refers to capital as Yangon)
      note: junta began shifting seat of government to Pyinmana area of central Burma in November 2005

      Administrative divisions:
      7 divisions (taing-myar, singular - taing) and 7 states (pyi ne-myar, singular - pyi ne)
      divisions: Ayeyarwady, Bago, Magway, Mandalay, Sagaing, Tanintharyi, Yangon
      states: Chin State, Kachin State, Kayah State, Kayin State, Mon State, Rakhine State, Shan State

      Independence:
      4 January 1948 (from UK)

      National holiday:
      Independence Day, 4 January (1948); Union Day, 12 February (1947)

      Constitution:
      3 January 1974; suspended since 18 September 1988; national convention convened in 1993 to draft a new constitution but collapsed in 1996; reconvened in 2004 but does not include participation of democratic opposition

      Legal system:
      has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

      Suffrage:
      18 years of age; universal

      Executive branch:
      chief of state: Chairman of the State Peace and Development Council (SPDC) Sr. Gen. THAN SHWE (since 23 April 1992)
      head of government: Prime Minister, Gen SOE WIN (since 19 October 2004)
      cabinet: Cabinet is overseen by the SPDC; military junta, so named 15 November 1997, assumed power 18 September 1988 under the name State Law and Order Restoration Council (SLORC)
      elections: none

      Legislative branch:
      unicameral People's Assembly or Pyithu Hluttaw (485 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms)
      elections: last held 27 May 1990, but Assembly never allowed by junta to convene
      election results: percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - NLD 392 (opposition), SNLD 23 (opposition), NUP 10 (pro-government), other 60

      Judicial branch:
      remnants of the British-era legal system are in place, but there is no guarantee of a fair public trial; the judiciary is not independent of the executive

      Political parties and leaders:
      National League for Democracy or NLD [AUNG SHWE, chairman, AUNG SAN SUU KYI, general secretary]; National Unity Party or NUP (pro-regime) [THA KYAW] (at last report); Shan Nationalities League for Democracy or SNLD [HKUN HTUN OO]; and other smaller parties

      Political pressure groups and leaders:
      National Coalition Government of the Union of Burma or NCGUB (self-proclaimed government in exile) ["Prime Minister" Dr. SEIN WIN] consists of individuals, some legitimately elected to the People's Assembly in 1990 (the group fled to a border area and joined insurgents in December 1990 to form parallel government in exile); Kachin Independence Organization or KIO; Karen National Union or KNU; several Shan factions; United Wa State Army or UWSA; Union Solidarity and Development Association or USDA (pro-regime, a social and political mass-member organization) [HTAY OO, general secretary]

      International organization participation:
      APT, ARF, AsDB, ASEAN, BIMSTEC, CP, EAS, FAO, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, ISO (correspondent), ITU, NAM, OPCW (signatory), UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCO, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO

      Diplomatic representation in the US:
      chief of mission: Ambassador (vacant); Charge d'Affaires MYINT LWIN
      chancery: 2300 S Street NW, Washington, DC 20008
      telephone: [1] (202) 332-3344
      FAX: [1] (202) 332-4351
      consulate(s) general: New York

      Diplomatic representation from the US:
      chief of mission: Ambassador (vacant); Charge d'Affaires Shari VILLAROSA
      embassy: 581 Merchant Street, Rangoon (GPO 521)
      mailing address: Box B, APO AP 96546
      telephone: [95] (1) 379-880, 379-881
      FAX: [95] (1) 256-018

      Flag description:
      red with a blue rectangle in the upper hoist-side corner bearing, 14 white five-pointed stars encircling a cogwheel containing a stalk of rice; the 14 stars represent the seven administrative divisions and seven states


      NOTE: The information regarding Burma on this page is re-published from the 2006 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Burma Government 2006 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Burma Government 2006 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    https://theodora.com/wfbcurrent/burma/burma_government.html

    Revised 06-Jun-06
    Copyright © 2006 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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