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    Canada Index 2006

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    Canada Government - 2006
    https://theodora.com/wfbcurrent/canada/canada_government.html
    SOURCE: 2006 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Country name:
      conventional long form: none
      conventional short form: Canada

      Government type:
      a constitutional monarchy that is also a parliamentary democracy and a federation

      Capital:
      Ottawa

      Administrative divisions:
      10 provinces and 3 territories*; Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Labrador, Northwest Territories*, Nova Scotia, Nunavut*, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec, Saskatchewan, Yukon Territory*

      Independence:
      1 July 1867 (union of British North American colonies); 11 December 1931 (independence recognized)

      National holiday:
      Canada Day, 1 July (1867)

      Constitution:
      made up of unwritten and written acts, customs, judicial decisions, and traditions; the written part of the constitution consists of the Constitution Act of 29 March 1867, which created a federation of four provinces, and the Constitution Act of 17 April 1982, which transferred formal control over the constitution from Britain to Canada, and added a Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms as well as procedures for constitutional amendments

      Legal system:
      based on English common law, except in Quebec, where civil law system based on French law prevails; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, with reservations

      Suffrage:
      18 years of age; universal

      Executive branch:
      chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952), represented by Governor General Michaelle JEAN (since 27 September 2005)
      head of government: Prime Minister Stephen HARPER (since 6 February 2006)
      cabinet: Federal Ministry chosen by the prime minister usually from among the members of his own party sitting in Parliament
      elections: none; the monarchy is hereditary; governor general appointed by the monarch on the advice of the prime minister for a five-year term; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or the leader of the majority coalition in the House of Commons is automatically designated prime minister by the governor general

      Legislative branch:
      bicameral Parliament or Parlement consists of the Senate or Senat (members appointed by the governor general with the advice of the prime minister and serve until reaching 75 years of age; its normal limit is 105 senators) and the House of Commons or Chambre des Communes (308 seats; members elected by direct, popular vote to serve for up to five-year terms)
      elections: House of Commons - last held 23 January 2006 (next to be held in 2011)
      election results: House of Commons - percent of vote by party - Conservative Party 36.3%, Liberal Party 30.2%, New Democratic Party 17.5%, Bloc Quebecois 10.5%, Greens 4.5%, other 1%; seats by party - Conservative Party 124, Liberal Party 103, New Democratic Party 29, Bloc Quebecois 51, other 1

      Judicial branch:
      Supreme Court of Canada (judges are appointed by the prime minister through the governor general); Federal Court of Canada; Federal Court of Appeal; Provincial Courts (these are named variously Court of Appeal, Court of Queens Bench, Superior Court, Supreme Court, and Court of Justice)

      Political parties and leaders:
      Bloc Quebecois [Gilles DUCEPPE]; Conservative Party of Canada (a merger of the Canadian Alliance and the Progressive Conservative Party) [Stephen HARPER]; Green Party [Jim HARRIS]; Liberal Party [Paul MARTIN]; New Democratic Party [Jack LAYTON]

      Political pressure groups and leaders:
      NA

      International organization participation:
      ACCT, AfDB, APEC, Arctic Council, ARF, AsDB, ASEAN (dialogue partner), Australia Group, BIS, C, CDB, CE (observer), EAPC, EBRD, ESA (cooperating state), FAO, G-7, G-8, G-10, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICCt, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IEA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITU, MIGA, MINUSTAH, MONUC, NAFTA, NAM (guest), NATO, NEA, NSG, OAS, OECD, OIF, OPCW, OSCE, Paris Club, PCA, PIF (partner), UN, UNAMSIL, UNCTAD, UNDOF, UNESCO, UNFICYP, UNHCR, UNMOVIC, UNTSO, UPU, WCL, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTO, ZC

      Diplomatic representation in the US:
      chief of mission: Ambassador Michael WILSON
      chancery: 501 Pennsylvania Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20001
      telephone: [1] (202) 682-1740
      FAX: [1] (202) 682-7701
      consulate(s) general: Atlanta, Boston, Buffalo, Chicago, Dallas, Denver, Detroit, Los Angeles, Miami, Minneapolis, New York, San Francisco, Seattle
      consulate(s): Anchorage, Houston, Philadelphia, Phoenix, Raleigh, San Diego

      Diplomatic representation from the US:
      chief of mission: Ambassador David H. WILKINS
      embassy: 490 Sussex Drive, Ottawa, Ontario K1N 1G8
      mailing address: P. O. Box 5000, Ogdensburgh, NY 13669-0430
      telephone: [1] (613) 238-5335, 4470
      FAX: [1] (613) 688-3082
      consulate(s) general: Calgary, Halifax, Montreal, Quebec, Toronto, Vancouver, Winnipeg

      Flag description:
      two vertical bands of red (hoist and fly side, half width), with white square between them; an 11-pointed red maple leaf is centered in the white square; the official colors of Canada are red and white


      NOTE: The information regarding Canada on this page is re-published from the 2006 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Canada Government 2006 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Canada Government 2006 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    https://theodora.com/wfbcurrent/canada/canada_government.html

    Revised 06-Jun-06
    Copyright © 2006 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


    CTR060106